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Philip V


Bust of Philip V. Palazzo Massimo all terme, Roma (Italy). Photo Jona Lendering.
Bust of Philip V. (Palazzo Massimo all terme, Roma)
Philip V: king of ancient Macedonia, ruled 221-179. His reign witnessed an expansion of Macedonian power, but an even greater expansion of the power of Rome, which gains considerable influence in Greece.

Relatives:

  • Father: Demetrius II
  • Mother: Phthia
  • First wife: Name not known
    • Children: daughter, married to Teres; Apame, married to Prusias II; Demetrius
  • Second wife: Polycratia of Argos
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Inscription, mentioning "King Philip, son of King Demetrius". Archaeological Museum, Thessaloniki (Greece). Photo Marco Prins.
Inscription from Cassandria (Potideia), mentioning "King Philip, son of King Demetrius". (Archaeological Museum, Thessaloniki)

Main deeds:

  • 238: Birth
  • 229: Death of his father, king Demetrius IIAntigonus III Doson acts as regent
  • 221: Death of Antigonus, Demetrius, becomes king; he is seventeen years old (Apelles acts as regent, briefly)
  • 220: Outbreak of war against the Aetolian League; considerable successes on the Peloponnese; Aratus of Achaea becomes influential; Apelles is removed
  • 217: Philip acquiesces in the Compromise peace of Naupactus, because he thinks he can gain more in the west, where Hannibal has defeated the Romans at Lake Trasimene (Second Punic War). One of Philip's hope is to seize Rome's Illyrian protectorate.
  • 216: Hannibal defeats the Romans at Cannae.
  • 215: Treaty with Hannibal; Philip conquers large parts of Illyria, but is unable to gain control of the sea.
  • 212: Birth of Perseus.
  • 211: Anti-Macedonian alliance between Rome, the Aetolian League, and (indirectly) king Attalus I Soter of Pergamon (First Macedonian War).
  • 207: The Romans, losing interest in the war, leave the Aetolians alone; they have to sign a peace treaty that is favorable to to Philip of Macedonia.
  • 205: Rome acknowledges several Macedonian conquests in Illyria (Peace of Phoenice); Rome now is able to attack Carthage at home.
  • 205/204: Accession of Ptolemy V Epiphanes in Egypt, who is still a child; Philip and the Seleucid king Antiochus III the Great agree to attack. Philip expels the Ptolemaic garrisons from the Aegaen Sea, which results in a conflict with Pergamon and Rhodes
  • 201: Rome is alarmed, and demands that Philip halts his aggression.
  • 200: Outbreak of the Second Macedonian War. Philip sacks Abydus.
  • 197: Battle of Cynoscephalae: the Roman general Titus Quinctius Flamininus overcomes the Macedonian phalanx in the hilly landscape north of Pharsalus. Philip is forced to evacuate Illyria and Greece, pay an indemnity, and has to hand over his son Demetrius as hostage.
  • 196: Flamininus declares all Greek towns 'free and autonomous', creating a power vacuum in which Antiochus III is inevitably drawn.
  • Renewed Roman wars against Sparta and disappointed Aetolians; Philip is now a loyal ally of Rome.
  • 192-188: Syrian War. Philip supports Rome when Antiochus is indeed lured to Greece. Demetrius is allowed to return home.
  • The Senate learns of complaints against Philip; when the Macedonian king sends Demetrius to Rome to explain what has happened, the crown prince is led to believe that the Senate will support him as king
  • 180: Philip's younger son Perseus hears of Demetrius' plans and informs his father; Demetrius is executed.
  • 179: Philip dies in Amphipolis.
Succeeded by: Perseus


This page was prepared to offer background information to the real articles on Livius.Org. One day, it will be improved. A list of completed articles can be found here.
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2006
Revision: 10 April 2007
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