Bust of Philip V. (Palazzo Massimo all terme, Roma)
V: king of ancient Macedonia,
ruled 221-179. His reign witnessed an expansion of Macedonian power,
but an even greater expansion of the power of Rome, which gains
considerable influence in Greece.
- Father: Demetrius
- Mother: Phthia
- First wife: Name not known
- Children: daughter, married to Teres; Apame,
married to Prusias II; Demetrius
- Second wife: Polycratia of Argos
Inscription from Cassandria (Potideia), mentioning "King Philip, son of King Demetrius".
(Archaeological Museum, Thessaloniki)
Succeeded by: Perseus
- 238: Birth
- 229: Death of his father, king Demetrius
III Doson acts as regent
- 221: Death of Antigonus, Demetrius, becomes king; he
is seventeen years old (Apelles acts as regent, briefly)
- 220: Outbreak of war against the Aetolian League;
considerable successes on the Peloponnese; Aratus of Achaea becomes
influential; Apelles is removed
- 217: Philip acquiesces in the Compromise peace of
Naupactus, because he thinks he can gain more in the west, where Hannibal
has defeated the Romans at Lake
Trasimene (Second Punic War). One of Philip's hope is to
seize Rome's Illyrian protectorate.
- 216: Hannibal defeats the Romans at Cannae.
- 215: Treaty with Hannibal; Philip conquers large
parts of Illyria, but is unable to gain control of the sea.
- 212: Birth of Perseus.
- 211: Anti-Macedonian alliance between Rome, the
Aetolian League, and (indirectly) king Attalus
I Soter of Pergamon (First Macedonian War).
- 207: The Romans, losing interest in the war,
leave the Aetolians alone; they have to sign a peace treaty that is
favorable to to Philip of Macedonia.
- 205: Rome acknowledges several Macedonian conquests
in Illyria (Peace of Phoenice); Rome now is able to attack Carthage
- 205/204: Accession of Ptolemy
V Epiphanes in Egypt,
who is still a child; Philip and the Seleucid
III the Great agree to attack. Philip expels the Ptolemaic
garrisons from the Aegaen Sea, which results in a conflict with
Pergamon and Rhodes
- 201: Rome is alarmed, and demands that Philip halts
- 200: Outbreak of the Second Macedonian War. Philip
- 197: Battle of Cynoscephalae:
the Roman general Titus Quinctius Flamininus overcomes the Macedonian phalanx
in the hilly landscape north of Pharsalus.
Philip is forced to evacuate Illyria and Greece, pay an indemnity, and
has to hand over his son Demetrius as hostage.
- 196: Flamininus declares all Greek towns 'free and
autonomous', creating a power vacuum in which Antiochus III is
- Renewed Roman wars against Sparta and disappointed
Aetolians; Philip is now a loyal ally of Rome.
- 192-188: Syrian
War. Philip supports Rome
when Antiochus is indeed lured to Greece. Demetrius is allowed to
- The Senate
learns of complaints against Philip; when the Macedonian king sends
Demetrius to Rome to explain what has happened, the crown prince is led
to believe that the Senate will support him as king
- 180: Philip's younger son Perseus hears of Demetrius'
plans and informs his father; Demetrius is executed.
- 179: Philip dies in Amphipolis.