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Philippus the Arab


Statue of Philip the Arab. Musei Capitolini, Roma (Italy).
Philippus Arabs (Musei Capitolini, Rome)
Philippus Arabs: emperor of the Roman world (244-249).

Names:

  • ±204(?): Marcus Julius Philippus 
  • February 244: Imperator Caesar Marcus Julius Philippus Augustus
  • September 249: killed in action
Successor of: Gordian III

Relatives:

Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
Coin commemorating Rome's 1000th birthday, showing the Temple of Venus and Roma.
Coin commemorating Rome's 1000th birthday, showing the Temple of Venus and Roma (Römisch-Germanisches
Zentralmuseum
, Mainz)

Main deeds:

  • ±204(?) Born in Arabia, maybe in the town that was later called Philippopolis
  • Before 238: marriage to Otacilia
  • Prefect of Mesopotamia?
  • Praetorian prefect
  • 244 Succeeds Gordian III, who had been defeated by the Sasanian king Shapur I and was killed by his soldiers. After peace had been concluded, Philip briefly used the titles Parthicus Adiabenicus, Persicus maximus, and Parthicus maximus; he arrives in Rome; his son Marcus Julius Philippus Junior made caesar
  • 245 Consul (with Gaius Maesius Titianus); leaves Rome for a war against the Carpi
  • 246 War against the Carpi; later also a war against the Germanic tribes
  • 247 Consul II (with Philippus Junior); triumph; he accepts the titles Carpicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus
  • 248 Consul III (with Philippus Junior II); celebration of Rome's millennium; death of Otacilia; revolt of Pacatianus in Moesia or Pannonia; Decius restores order along the Danube
  • 248(?) Death of Otacilia
  • 249 Revolt of Iotapatianus in the east; he is killed by his soldiers; in the north, Decius is proclaimed emperor; he defeats Philip near Verona

Philippus Arabs begs the Persian king Shapur for mercy. Bishapur (Iran). Photo Marco Prins.
Philippus Arabs begs the Persian king Shapur for mercy (Bishapur)

New legion: VI Hispana (?)

Contemporary events:

  • 248 Origen publishes Against Celsus

Buildings

Succeeded by: Decius

Links:



This brief article has been written to offer background information
to the real articles on Livius.Org. One day, this webpage will be
improved. A list of completed articles can be found here.

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