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Bodegraven

Bodegraven: fortified bridge in the Roman Rhine limes.

The road from Zwammerdam to Woerden along the frontier river Rhine crossed a small brook near modern Bodegraven in the Netherlands, and there must have been a bridge, which must have been guarded.

Several Roman finds - ceramics, coins, bricks, roof tiles made by the Tenth legion Gemina, an amphora, a lamp, part of a dolium - prove human occupation. The finds are usually associated with a burning layer.

The presence of soldiers of an auxiliary army unit from northern Spain, the Cohors II Asturum, can be deduced from an almost illegible roof tile. The discovery, in 2000, of a lead tablet in which a twenty-one soldiers are cursed, suggests that in the second century, the recruits of this unit were from the Danube region.

This page was created in 2003; last modified on 4 October 2014.