Pyrenees (Greek Πυρήνη or Πυρηναῖα, Latin Pyrenaei): mountain range between ancient Gaul and Iberia.
The mountain range is about 435 km long. The northern slopes are more steep and wet than the southern slopes, and the Roman author Pliny the Eldernote[Pliny the Elder, Natural Histories 16.71.] correctly observes that there were more forests on the slopes facing Gaul.
There are several mountain passes. In the far west the road that became famous as Roncevalles is an important corridor, in the east the Coll de Pertús, which is about 20 kilometers from the sea. According to legend, Heracles had passed through this valley, and Hannibal used this pass to cross into Gaul in 218 BCE. In 121, the Romans constructed a road (Via Domitia), which became the site of a monument by Pompey the Great.