Sentinum: town in Umbria, best known for the Roman victory in the Third Samnite War in 295 BCE, which made the unification of Italy inevitable; modern Sassoferrato.
In that battle, the Romans were able to overcome a formidable coalition of Samnites and their Gallic allies in 295 BCE, while the other coalition members, the Etruscans and Umbrians, were kept in check elsewhere. According to Livy the decisive Roman charge was led by consul Publius Decius Mus, who dedicated himself to the gods (devotio).note[Livy, 10.17ff.] When the enemies killed him, the angry gods punished them by destroying their armies.
The other consul, Quintus Fabius Rullianus, rounded off the battle successfully and brought back the dead body of his colleague. Although this victory was not the end of the Third Samnite War, it was now no longer in doubt that Rome would one day unify Italy. To thank the gods, the Romans erected a temple near Civitalba.
The town suffered from the invasion of Alaric's Visigothsnote[Zosimus, New History 5.37.] and the war between the Byzantines and the Ostrogoths.note[Procopius, Gothic Wars 4.29.4.]