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Ptolemy V Epiphanes


Coin of Ptolemy V Epiphanes. From S. Walker & P. Higgs, Cleopatra of Egypt. From history to myth (2001).
Ptolemy V Epiphanes. From S. Walker & P. Higgs, Cleopatra of Egypt (2001).
Ptolemy V Epiphanes: king of the Ptolemaic Empire, ruled from 205 to 180.

Relatives:

Main deeds:

  • 9 October 210: Birth
  • 29 November 205: Co-ruler
  • Agreement between Antiochus III the Great and Philip V that they will divide the Ptolemaic Empire; at the same time, revolt of Horwennefer
  • July or August 204: Death of Ptolemy IV Philopator; the queen-mother Arsinoe III is assassinated
  • 202: The royal advisers Agathocles and Sosibius are replaced by Telepolemus, and -later- Aristomenes
  • May 202: Outbreak of the Fifth Syrian War
  • Philip expels the Ptolemaic garrisons from the Aegaen Sea, which results in a conflict with Pergamon and Rhodes
  • 201: Rome is alarmed, and demands that Philip halts his aggression.
  • 200: Antiochus occupies Coele Syria (battle of Paneion); Rome declares war against Macedonia
  • 199: Antiochus' attempt to attack Egypt fails; the rebel Horwennefer changes his name into Ankhwennefer
  • 197: Antiochus expands his power in Asia Minor; in the battle of Cynoscephalae the Roman general Titus Quinctius Flamininus overcomes the Macedonians and neutralizes the Macedonian danger.
  • 197/196: Ptolemy V represses the insurrection in the Delta.
  • 26 March 196: Traditional, native coronation of Ptolemy in Memphis; he accepts the surname Epiphanes, 'the god manifests himself'; Egyptian priests decree a divine cult for the young king (the text is known from the Rosetta Stone)
  • 195: Peace with Antiochus III; Ptolemy announces to marry Antiochus' daughter Cleopatra Syra and accepts the loss of all possessions outside Egypt, except for Cyprus and Cyrenaica
  • 194: Royal wedding of Ptolemy and Cleopatra in Raphia
  • 192: Fall of Aristomenes; he is replaced by Polycrates
  • c.189: Birth of Cleopatra II
  • 186: Birth of Ptolemy VI; end of the revolt of Ankhwennefer, who is executed
  • 182: Ptolemy V plans to attack the Seleucid Empire
  • 182/181: Birth of Ptolemy VIII
  • 180: To prevent this war, Ptolemy V is assassinated
Egyptian title: Iwaennetjerwymerwyitu Setepptah Userkara Sekhemankhamun; andkhdjet meryptah ('Son of the father-loving gods, Chosen by Ptah, Mighty Ka of Ra, Living power of Amun; may he live forever, beloved of Ptah'; the father-loving gods are Ptolemy IV Philopator and Arsinoe III)

Succeeded by: Ptolemy VI Philometor

Information on the web:

Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine

This page was prepared to offer background information to the real articles on Livius.Org. One day, it will be improved. A list of completed articles can be found here.
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2006
Revision: 10 April 2006
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other