Gold sealing ring with a portrait of Ptolemy XI Alexander (?) (Louvre, Paris)
||Ptolemy XI Alexander: king of the Ptolemaic Empire, ruled briefly in 80.
Succeeded by: Ptolemy XII Auletes
- c. 105: Born
IX Soter, Egypt's king-in-exile, tries to return. Ptolemy X sends all
Ptolemaic children to Kos, where they are safe. They stay in
the crisis of over.
- Ptolemy X Alexander remarries; the new queen, Berenice III, recognizes the boy as her son
- 100 Ptolemy XI Alexander is proclaimed king and co-ruler
- 89: Outbreak of the Second Mithradatic War: king Mithridates VI of Pontus attacks the Roman possessions in Asia
- 88: Ptolemy
XI Alexander and the other princes are handed over to Mithridates, but the young man can
escape, flees to the Roman general Sulla. At the same time, Ptolemy IX
Soter expels Ptolemy X Alexander from Egypt. Ptolemy XI Alexander is
forced to remain in Sulla's company, and stays in Rome.
- December 81: Death of Ptolemy IX Soter. Sulla appoints Ptolemy XI Alexander as king of Egypt.
- 80: Ptolemy
XI Alexander marries his stepmother, Cleopatra Berenice III. After
eighteen days, he kills her, and is immediately lynched by the
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