Ptolemy XIV (Bibliothèque national, Paris; ©!!!). From S. Walker & P. Higgs, Cleopatra of Egypt (2001).
|Ptolemy XIV: king of the Ptolemaic Empire, from 47
to 44 co-ruler of Cleopatra VII.
- c.59: Born
- February/March 51: Death of Ptolemy's father, Ptolemy XII Auletes. He is succeeded by Cleopatra VII
- Summer 50: Cleopatra accepts her brother Ptolemy XIII as co-ruler
- Summer 49: Sole rule of Ptolemy XIII, recognized by both Gaius Julius Caesar, the Roman dictator, and his opponent, Pompey the Great.
- Cleopatra remains queen in the Thebaid, and accepts Ptolemy XIV as co-ruler.
- 48: Caesar defeats Pompey (battle of Pharsalus); Pompey flees to Egypt and is killed by courtiers of Ptolemy XIII
arrives in Egypt and orders Ptolemy XIII and Cleopatra VII to disband
their armies, but instead, war breaks out (text).
- January 47: Ptolemy is killed in action
- Ptolemy XIV, now officially Cleopatra's husband, and his sister Arsinoe IV are made rulers of Cyprus
- Spring 47: Cleopatra VII is sole ruler of Egypt; she presents herself as the goddess Isis
- 46: Ptolemy XIV is recognized as Cleopatra's co-ruler again; the two are in Rome
- March 44: Julius Caesar is killed (text); Cleopatra and Ptolemy XIV return to Egypt, where Ptolemy is killed by Cleopatra (after 26 July 44)
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