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Ptolemy XIV


Ivory game counter with head of Ptolemy XIV. Bibliothèque national, Paris (France). From S. Walker & P. Higgs, Cleopatra of Egypt. From history to myth (2001).
Ptolemy XIV (Bibliothèque national, Paris; ©!!!). From S. Walker & P. Higgs, Cleopatra of Egypt (2001).
Ptolemy XIV: king of the Ptolemaic Empire, from 47 to 44 co-ruler of Cleopatra VII.

Relatives:

Main deeds:

  • c.59: Born
  • February/March 51: Death of Ptolemy's father, Ptolemy XII Auletes. He is succeeded by Cleopatra VII
  • Summer 50: Cleopatra accepts her brother Ptolemy XIII as co-ruler
  • Summer 49: Sole rule of Ptolemy XIII, recognized by both Gaius Julius Caesar, the Roman dictator, and his opponent, Pompey the Great.
  • Cleopatra remains queen in the Thebaid, and accepts Ptolemy XIV as co-ruler.
  • 48: Caesar defeats Pompey (battle of Pharsalus); Pompey flees to Egypt and is killed by courtiers of Ptolemy XIII
  • Caesar arrives in Egypt and orders Ptolemy XIII and Cleopatra VII to disband their armies, but instead, war breaks out (text).
  • January 47: Ptolemy is killed in action
  • Ptolemy XIV, now officially Cleopatra's husband, and his sister Arsinoe IV are made rulers of Cyprus
  • Spring 47: Cleopatra VII is sole ruler of Egypt; she presents herself as the goddess Isis
  • 46: Ptolemy XIV is recognized as Cleopatra's co-ruler again; the two are in Rome
  • March 44: Julius Caesar is killed (text); Cleopatra and Ptolemy XIV return to Egypt, where Ptolemy is killed by Cleopatra (after 26 July 44)

Information on the web:

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Revision: 6 October 2006
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