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First Punic War: Chronology

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Map of ancient Sicily. Map design Jona Lendering. According to the Greek historian Polybius of Megalopolis (c.200-c.118), the First Punic War (264-241) between Carthage and Rome was "the longest and most severely contested war in history". And indeed, it lasted almost a quarter of a century and probably, a million people lost their lives. In the end, Rome had conquered the island of Sicily, and had become a Mediterranean superpower.
Q. Fabius Q.f. Maximus Gurges; L. Mamilius Q.f. Vitulus
Hiero defeats the Mamertines at the Longanus
Mamertines appeal to the Carthaginians and then to Rome
Alliance between Hiero and Carthage
Ap. Claudius C.f. Caudex; M. Fulvius Q.f. Flaccus
Outbreak of war
Claudius crosses to Sicily, and lifts the siege of Messana
M'. Valerius M.f. Maximus (Messalla); M'. Otacilius C.f. Crassus
Both consuls campaign in Sicily
Hiero makes peace with Rome
L. Postumius L.f. Megellus; Q. Mamilius Q.f. Vitulus
Both consuls lay siege to Acragas, defended by Hannibal
L. Valerius M.f. Flaccus; T. Otacilius C.f. Crassus
Defeat of Hanno and fall of Acragas
Carthaginian navy raids Italy
Romans decide to build fleet
Cn. Cornelius L.f. Scipio Asina; C. Duillius M.f.
Scipio captured at the Aeolian Islands
Duillius wins the naval battle of Mylae
L. Cornelius L.f. Scipio; C. Aquillius M.f. Florus
Scipio attacks Corsica and Sardinia
Aquillius campaigns in Sicily
A. Atilius A.f. Caiatinus; C. Sulpicius Q.f. Paterculus
Caiatinus campains in Sicily
Paterculus attacks Sardinia and wins battle off Sulci
C. Atilius M.f. Regulus; Cn. Cornelius P.f. Blasio II
Regulus wins battle off Tyndaris and raids Malta
Blasio commands in Sicily
L. Manlius A.f. Vulso Longus; Q. Caedicius Q.f.
Suff. M. Atilius M.f. Regulus II
Both consuls defeat Carthaginians off Ecnomus and proceed to Africa, where Regulus remains, defeating Hasdrubal in the battle of Adys and capturing Tunis
Abortive negotiations with Carthage
Ser. Fulvius M.f. Paetinius Nobilior; M. Aemilius M.f. Paullus
Regulus defeated and captured near Tunis
Consuls bring fleet to rescue survivors, winning victory off Cape Hermaea and raiding Cossyra, but are caught in a storm off Camarina on return
Cn. Cornelius L.f. Scipio Asina II; A. Atilius A.f. Caiatinus II 
Hasdrubal arrives on Sicily
Both consuls campaign in Sicily, capturing Panormus and other towns
Cn. Servilius Cn.f. Caepio; C. Sempronius Ti.f. Blaesus
While Caepio commands in Sicily, Blaesus raids Africa, nearly losing his fleet on the Syrtis, and losing half of it in storm off Cape Palinurus
C. Aurelius L.f. Cotta; P. Servilius Q.f. Geminus
Roman fleet reduced to sixty ships
Both consuls command in Sicily, capturing Thermae and Lipara
L. Caecilius L.f. Metellus; C. Furius C.f. Pacilus
Both consuls command in Sicily
Carthaginians reinforce army there
C. Atilius M.f. Regulus II; L. Manlius A.f. Vulso II
Metellus defeats Hasdrubal at Panormus
Both consuls commence siege of Lilybaeum
P. Claudius Ap.f. Pulcher; L. Junius C.f. Pullus
Claudius loses battle off Drepana
Junius loses fleet in storm near Camarina
C. Aurelius L.f. Cotta II; P. Servilius Q.f. Geminus II
Both consuls continue to besiege Lilybaeum and Drepana
Carthalo raids Italy
L. Caecilius L.f. Metellus II; N. Fabius C.f. Licinus
Metellus continues with siege of Lilybaeum
Buteo continues with siege of Drepana, where he captures the island of Pelias
Hamilcar Barca arrives in Sicily and raids Bruttium
M'. Otacilius C.f. Crassus II; M. Fabius C.f. Licinus
Siege of Lilybaeum and Drepana continued
Skirmishing around Heirkte
M. Fabius M.f Buteo; C. Atilius A.f. Bulbus
Siege of Lilybaeum and Drepana continued
Skirmishing around Heirkte
A. Manlius T.f. Torquatus Atticus; C. Sembronius Ti.f. Blaesus II
Siege of Lilybaeum and Drepana continued
Skirmishing around Heirkte
C. Fundanius C.f. Fundulus; C. Sulpicius C.f. Galus
Siege of Lilybaeum and Drepana continued
Hamilcar moves to Eryx
Continued skirmishing
C. Lutatius C.f. Catulus; A. Postumius A.f. Albinus
Catulus sent to Sicily in command of new fleet
He is wounded at Drepana
A. Manlius T.f. Torquatus Atticus II; Q. Lutatius C.f. Cerco 
Lutatius Catulus defeats Hanno in the battle of Aegates Islands (10 March), and with his brother, Lutatius Cerco, negotiates peace with Gesco; Sicily become's the first Roman province, governed by a praetor

Table based on J.F. Lazenby, The First Punic War (1996).

Relief of the tomb of Lucius Cartilius Poplicola, Ostia Antica (Photo Jona Lendering.

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