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Rome: Mithraeum of the San Clemente


The Mithraeum beneath the church of S. Clemente, Rome. Photo Marco Prins. Mithraeum of the San Clemente: one of the best-known mithraeums in Rome.

The Mithraeum beneath the church of S. Clemente is one of the artificial underground caves where those who were initiated in the cult of Mithras celebrated their mysteries.

The Mithraeum underneath the S. Clemente was built in the late second century inside a late-first century house; the hall itself represents the universe and the relief shows how the god killed the devilish bull, the central part of his myth.

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Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2003
Revision: 23 Feb. 2013
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other