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Rome: Tomb of Eurysaces


Model of the tomb of Eurysaces. Museo nazionale della civiltą romana, Roma (Italy). Tomb of Eurysaces: one of the most famous mausolea of ancient Rome.

The tomb of Eurysaces near the Porta Maggiore was built in c.30 BCE by a man named Marcus Vergilius Eurysaces. A former slave, he had started a bakery and had become rich, which is shown in the decoration.

Later, several aqueducts were constructed but the tomb was respected, and it was later included in one of the towers of a city gate belonging to the wall of Aurelian. When this gate was demolished in the nineteenth century, the tomb became visible again. 

Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
The decoration of the north side of the tomb of Eurysaces near the Porta Maggiore. Photo Jona Lendering. The decoration of the south side of the tomb of Eurysaces near the Porta Maggiore. Photo Jona Lendering.
Tomb of Eurysaces. Photo Jona Lendering. The decoration shows all kinds of things that happen in a bakery: mixing and kneading dough, shaping loaves, placing them in an oven, and finally, serving the breads.

The model on the first photo can be found in the Museo nazionale della civiltą romana, Rome.

A satellite photo of the Porta Maggiore and the tomb is here.
© Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2003
Revision: 26 Dec. 2009
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