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Seleucus II Callinicus

Coin of the Seleucid king Seleucus II Callinicus.
Seleucus II Callinicus
Seleucus II Callinicus ('bautiful victor'): name of a Seleucid king, ruled from 246 to 225.

Successor of: Antiochus II Theos


Main deeds:
  • Born c.265
  • Early July 246: Antiochus II Theos dies, leaving a confused dynastic situation.
  • Late summer 246: the child Antiochus is killed by partisans of Laodice
  • September 246: King Ptolemy III Euergetes decides to avenge his relative: outbreak of the Laodicean War or Third Syrian War. He captures Seleucia and Antioch, but cannot prevent that Berenice is killed by the populace
  • December 246: Ptolemy proceeds to Babylon; he is still there in February 245
  • 245: The king's sister "Laodice" marries Mithridates II of Pontus; Phrygia is awarded to him as a marriage gift
  • 245: Revolt of Andragoras in Parthia
  • 243: Birth of Alexander (= Seleucus III Keraunos)
  • 242/241: Unsuccesful Seleucid attack on Egypt
  • 241: End of the Third Syrian War
  • 240: War between king Seleucus II and Antiochus Hierax; the latter is successful but loses his territories to Attalus I Soter of Pergamon
  • 239/238: The Seleucid princess Stratonice II, who had been queen of Macedonia (married to Demetrius II) returns; Seleucus refuses to marry her; she attempts an insurrection but is killed
  • 238: The Parni overrun Astavene
  • 235: The Parnian leader Tiridates settles in Parthia; beginning of the Parthian Empire
  • 230-227: Seleucus tries to suppress the revolt in Parthia, but instead loses Hyrcania; Diodotus declares himself independent in Bactria
  • 229: Stay in Babylon
  • 228: Unsuccessful insurrection of Antiochus Hierax in Mesopotamia
  • The Macedonian king Antigonus III Doson intervenes in Caria
  • December 225: Seleucus II dies after a fall from his horse
Succeeded by: Seleucus III Keraunos (or Soter)


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