Seleucus IV Philopator
IV Philopator ('father lover'): name of a Seleucid
king, ruled from 187 to 175.
Successor of: Antiochus
III the Great
Succeeded by: his brother Antiochus
Born after 220
196: Thrace added to the Seleucid Empire; Seleucus is governor
War between the Seleucids and Rome.
190: Seleucus besieges Rome's ally Pergamon, captures the Roman commander
Lucius Cornelius Scipio, takes part in the Battle of Magnesia (Roman victory)
189: Co-ruler of his father
188: Peace of Apamea; Seleucid empire has to abandon all land north of
and pay an indemnity
3 July 187: death of Antiochus III; Seleucus becomes king and tries to
restore the Seleucid Empire by diplomatic means
178: Marries his daughter Laodice V to the Macedonian
which is regarded by king Eumenes
II Soter of Pergamon as an anti-Roman act; Seleucus has to send his
as hostage to Rome; in return, his brother Antiochus
175: To pay the Roman indemnity, Seleucus orders his commander Heliodorus
to obtain money in the temple of Jerusalem, but he encounters opposition.
3 September 175: Heliodorus kills Seleucus; his wife Laodice V appears
to have married Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who succeeds his brother