Uruk King List: historiographical document from ancient Babylonia, mentioning the length of the reigns of several kings from Kandalanu (647-627) to the Seleucid king Seleucus II Callinicus (246-226/225).
Unless it was stolen when the museum was looted in April 2003, the cuneiform tablet (IM 65066) is in the Bagdad Museum. On this website, you will find a slightly adapted transcription by A.K. Grayson, from the Reallexikon der Assyriologie, s.v. "Königslisten und Chroniken".
Chronological notes have been added; the right-hand column is a modern approximation of regnal dates.
- R. Borger, Archiv für Orientforschung 25 (1974-1977) 165ff.
- J.J.A. van Dijk, Vorläufiger Bericht über die Ausgrabungen in Uruk-Warka 18, pages 53-60.
- G.F. Del Monte, Testi dalla Babilonia Ellenistica. Volume I. Testi Cronografici (1997 Pisa, Roma)
- A.K. Grayson, from the Reallexikon der Assyriologie, s.v. "Königslisten und Chroniken".
- A.K. Grayson, 'Assyrian and Babylonian King Lists,' in: Lišan mithurti. (Festschrift Von Soden) (Kevelaer : Neukirchen-Vluyn : Butzon & Bercker; 1969) Plate III.
|1'note[The reconstruction of lines 1-2 was proposed by R.Borger. Aššurbanipal was king of Assyria in 668-631, and appointed his brothers Šamaš-šuma-ukîn and Kandalanu as kings of Babylonia.] /MU 21\||[mAššur-bâni-apli]||Aššurbanipal||21 years||668-631|
|2' ša-niš||/m\Šamaš-šuma-ukîn||Šamaš-šuma-ukîn||at the same time||667-648|
|3' MU 21||mK[an-da]-la-an||Kandalanu||21 years||647-627|
|4' MU 1||m dSîn2-šumu-lîšir2||Sin-šumliširnote[Sin-šumlišir and Sin-šar-iškûn acted as some sort of Assyrian governors.]||1 year||626|
|5' u||m dSîn2-šarra-iš-ku-un||and Sin-šar-iškûn||Id.||Id|
|6' MU 21||m dNabû-apla-usur||Nabopolassar||21 years||626note[According to the Babylonian chronicle known as ABC 2, the Babylonian general Nabopolassar was recognized as king on 23 November 626.]-605|
|7' [M]U 43||m dNabû-kuddurî-usur||Nebuchadnezzar [II]||43 years||604-562|
|8' [M]U 2||mAmîl-dMarduk||Amel-Marduk||2 years||561-560|
|9' [MU] /3\ 8 ITI||m dNergal2-šarra-usur||Neriglissar||3 years, 8 months||559-556|
|10' [(...)]note[Labaši-Marduk probably ruled just 3 months at the end of 556, but the tablet leaves space for something like MU 1.] 3 ITI||mLa-ba-ši-dMarduk||Labaši-Marduk||[accession year] 3 months||556|
|11' [MU] /17?\||m dNabû-nâ'id||Nabonidus||17? years||555-539|
|12' [MU x||mK]ur-aš||Cyrus [the Great]||[x years]||539-530|
|13' [MU x||mKambu-z]i-i||Cambyses [II]||[x years]||530-522|
|14' [MU x||mDaria-m]uš||Darius [the Great]||[x years]||522-486|
|1' [š]á MU šá-nu-ú||mNidin-dB[êl]||[...] whose second name is Nidin-Bêlnote[The Uruk King List is the only evidence that the reign of the Achaemenid king Darius III Codomannus was preceded by a ruler named Nidin-Bêl. A scribal error is likely, but it must be noted that the chaotic transition from Artaxerxes III Ochus to Darius III leaves sufficient room for a short-lived Babylonian rebellion: in Egypt, a native ruler named Khababash revolted, in the far west, the Yaunâ were restless, and according to the Dynastic prophecy even Darius started his career as a rebel satrap.]||[...]||336??|
|2' [M]U 5||mDa-ra-a-muš||Darius [III Codomannus]||5 years||336-331|
|3' MU 7?||mA-lik-sa-an-dar||Alexander [the Great]||7? years||331-323|
|4' MU 6||mPi-il-ip-su||Philip [III Arridaeus]||6 years||323-317|
|5' MU 6||mAt-tu-gu-un||Antigonus [the One-eyed]||6 years||317-311|
|6' MU 31||mSi-lu-ku||Seleucus [I Nicator]||31 years||311-281|
|7' MU 22note[Twenty-two years is probably a scribal error.]||mAn-ti-'u-ku-su||Antiochus [I Soter]||22 years||281-261|
|8' MU 15||mAn-ti-'u-ku-su||Antiochus [II Theos]||15 years||261-246|
|9' [MU] [...]note[All editions have /20\ but the tablet is badly damaged. A photo can be found in A.K. Grayson, "Assyrian and Babylonian King Lists" in: W. Röllig (ed.), Lišan mithurti. Festschrift Wolfram Freiherr von Soden zum 19.6.1968 gewidmet von Schülern und Mitarbeitern (1969); plate III.]||mSi-lu-k[u]||Seleucus [II Callinicus]||[... years]||246-225|