DW

Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions: collection of Old Persian cuneiform texts from the sixth, fifth, and fourth centuries BCE, left by the Achaemenid kings on their official monuments.

Weights

On these pages, the weights of king Darius are collected. The basic unit, the karšâ, was 83.30 grams, or one sixth of a mina from Babylonia, the main economic and cultural center of the Achaemenid Empire. The karšâ could be subdivided into ten shekels of 8.33 grams, which corresponed to the weight of a gold piece called dareikos or daric. Its purity was well above 98% and often even above 99%.

DWa (a diorite weight)

  1. 2 karšâ
  2. adam \ Dâra
  3. yavauš \ xš
  4. âyathiya \ va
  5. zraka \ Viš
  6. tâspahyâ
  7. \ puça \ Hax
  8. âmanišiya

karšâ [166.60 grams]. I am Darius, the great king, the son of Hystaspes, the Achaemenid.

DWb (a diorite weight)

  1. adam \ Dârayavauš \ x
  2. šâyathiya \ vazraka \ x
  3. šâyathiya \ xšâyath
  4. iyânâm \ xšâyath
  5. iya \ dahyûnâm \ xš
  6. âyathiya \ ahyâyâ
  7. \ bûmiyâ \ Vištâ
  8. spahyâ \ puça \ Haxâ
  9. manišiya

I am Darius, the great king, king of kings, king of all nations, king of this earth, the son of Hystaspes, the Achaemenid.

DWc (a diorite weight from the Treasury of Persepolis)

  1. DWc
    120 karšayâ
  2. adam \ Dârayavauš \ x
  3. šâyathiya \ vazraka \ x
  4. šâyathiya \: xšâyath
  5. iyânâm \ xšâyath
  6. iya \ dahyûnâm \ x
  7. šâyathiya \ ahyây
  8. â \ bûmiyâ \ Višt
  9. âspahyâ \ puça \ Hax
  10. âmanišiya

120 karšâ [99,96 kilograms]. I am Darius, the great king, king of kings, king of all nations, king of this earth, the son of Hystaspes, the Achaemenid.

DWd (a diorite weight from the Treasury of Persepolis)

  1. 60 karšayâ
  2. adam \ Dârayavauš \
  3. xšâyathiya \ vazraka \
  4. xšâyathiya \ xšâyath 
  5. iyânâm \ xšâyath
  6. iya \ dahyûnâm \ xš
  7. âyathiya \ ahyâyâ
  8. \ bûmiyâ \ Vištâ
  9. spahyâ \ puça \ Hax
  10. âmanišiya

60 karšâ [49,98 kilograms]. I am Darius, the great king, king of kings, king of all nations, king of this earth, the son of Hystaspes, the Achaemenid.

 Literature