Behistun or Bisotun: town in Iran, site of several ancient monuments, including a famous inscription by the Persian king Darius I the Great (r.522-486 BCE), the great organizer of the Achaemenid Empire.
On these pages, you can find drawings, a transliteration and an adapted version of the King/Thompson translation of the inscription.
Column ii, lines 9-17
- ma \ Cicixrâiš \ puça \ Kuganakâ \ nâma \ vardanam \ Pârsaiy \ avadâ \ adâraya \
- hauv \ udapatatâ \ Ûvjaiy \ kârahyâ \ avathâ \ athaha \ adam \ Imaniš \ amiy \ Û
- vjaiy \ xšâyathiya \ thâtiy \ Dârayavauš \ xšâyathiya \ adakaiy \ adam \ ašna
- iy \ âham \ abiy \ Ûvjam \ pasâva \ hacâma \ atarsa \ Ûvjiyâ \ avam \ Marti
- yam \ agarbâya \ hyašâm \ mathišta \ âha \ utâšim \ avâjana \ thâtiy \ D
- ârayavauš \ xšayathiya \ I martiya \ Fravartiš \ nâma \ Mâda \ hauv \ udapatat
- â \ Mâdaiy \ kârahyâ \ avathâ \ athaha \ adam \ Xšathrita \ amiy \ Uvaxštrah
- yâ \ taumâyâ \ pasâva \ kâra \ Mâda \ hya \ uithâpatiy \ hauv \ hacâma \ hamiçiya \ a
- bava \ abiy \ avam \ Fravartim \ ašiyava \ hauv \ xšâyathiya \ abava \ Mâdaiy \
(22) King Darius says: A certain man named Martiya, the son of Zinzakriš, dwelt in a city in Persia called Kuganakâ. This man revolted in Elam, and he said to the people: 'I am Ummaniš, king in Elam.'
(23) King Darius says: At that time, I was friendly with Elam. Then there were Elamites afraid of me, and that Martiya, who was their leader, they seized and slew.
(24) King Darius says: A certain Mede named Phraortes revolted in Media, and he said to the people: 'I am Khshathrita, of the family of Cyaxares.' Then did the Medes who were in the palace revolt from me and go over to Phraortes. He became king in Media.