ABC 25 (Walker Chronicle)

The Walker Chronicle, which is sometimes called Chronicle 25, is one of the historiographical texts from ancient Babylonia. It deals with events during the reign of the kings of the Kassite Dynasty and the Second Dynasty of Isin, and contains several duplicate lines with the Eclectic Chronicle.

For a very brief introduction to the literary genre of chronicles, go here. The Walker Chronicle was published by C.B.F. Walker in G. van Driel e.a. (eds.): Zikir Šumim: Assyriological Studies Presented to F.R. Kraus on the Occasion of His Seventieth Birthday (1982). More information can be found in Jean-Jacques Glassner, Mesopotamian Chronicles (Atlanta, 2004).

[1] Tukulti-Ninurta, king of Assyria,note took Babylon and Sippar and controlled Karduniaš.

[2] Adad-šuma-usurnote ... restored ... and rebuilt the wall of Nippur.

[3] ... he firmly established. Enlil-kudurri-usur, king of Assyria,note

[4] ... Adad-šuma-usur mustered his troops, attacked, and defeated him.

[5] The officers of Assyria seized Enlil-kudurri-usur, their lord, and gave him to Adad-šuma-usur,

[6] ... the people of Karduniaš who had fled to Assyria

[7] surrendered to Adad-šuma-usur. Adad-šuma-usur, to conquer Babylon,

[8] marched ... Somebody, the son of a nobody, whose name is not mentioned,note [ascended to the throne].

[9] Hearing this unexpected news, Adad-šuma-usur raised a revolt, and, enjoying eternal divine protection, he entered Babylon and

[10] he became ruler of the land and established himself on his royal throne.


[11] ... they killed him.


[12] ... he attacked and removed the king of Mari in a rebellion.

[13] ... he controlled Mari.


[14] ... fear of Elam fell on him and

[15] ... on the bank of the Euphrates he built a city and

[16] ... of Sumer and Akkad he brought within it,

[17] ... was cut off and the people became poor in deficiency and famine.

[18] ... they killed him in a rebellion.


[19] Enlil-nadin-apli,note son of Nebuchadnezzar, marched on Aššur to conquer it.

[20] Marduk-nadin-ahhe,note brother of Nebuchadnezzar, and the nobles rebelled against him and

[21] Enlil-nadin-apli returned to his land his city. They killed him with the sword.


[22] Marduk-nadin-apli and the nobles rebelled against Enlil-nadin-apli

[23] he returned

[24] ... and defeated him.

[25] He attacked and he had him killed with the sword.

[26] Tiglath-pileser,note king of Assyria attacked and ...


[27] Marduk-šapik-zeri,note son of Marduk-nadin-ahhe, rebuilt the wall of Babylon.

[28] ... kings of the lands he defeated. During his reign, the people of the land enjoyed abundance and prosperity.


[29] Adad-apla-iddina,note descendant of Itti-Marduk-balatu, the Arameans and an usurper king rebelled against him and

[30] desecrated all the sanctuaries of the land. Akkad, Der, Dur-Anki (Nippur),

[31] Sippar and Parsa (Dur-Kurigalzu) they demolished.

[32] The Suteans attacked and took home the booty of Sumer and Akkad.

[33] He repeatedly visited the shrines of Marduk and appeased the heart of Bêl and the son of Bêl.

[34] ... he fully restored their cults.