Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other

Susa: Museum Objects


DSe. British Museum, London (Britain). Photo Jona Lendering.
DSe (British Museum)
Susa (Elamitic, Babylonian: Šušim; Greek τὰ Σοῦσα): capital of Elam, favorite residence of the Persian king Darius I the Great.
 
 
History Photos
 
Many objects from Susa have found their way to museums in Iran and Europe. The site itself has a nice little museum; other objects can be found in the Louvre (Paris), the British Museum (London), and the National Museum in Tehran. The first photo shows a clay tablet with the text by Darius I the Great that is known as DSe: a list of satrapies. The full text and translation of this document can be found here. Below are some other objects from the museums already mentioned.
Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
Stone fish, third millennium BCE. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins. Goblet, third millennium BCE. Museum of Susa (Iran). Photo Jona Lendering. Banquet scene, third millennium BCE. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins. Battle axe, third millennium BCE. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins.
Stone fish, third millennium (Louvre) Goblet, third millennium (Museum of Susa) Banquet scene, third millennium (Louvre) Battle axe, third millennium (Louvre)
Middle-Elamite basrelief of warrior gods. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins. Dedication to Inšušinak. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins. Model of a sun ritual, reign of Šilkhak-Inšušinak. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins. Neo-Elamite arrowheads. Museum of Susa (Iran). Photo Jona Lendering.
Middle-Elamite basrelief of warrior gods (Louvre) Dedication to Inšušinak (Louvre) Model of a sun ritual, reign of Šilkhak-Inšušinak (Louvre) Neo-Elamite arrowheads (Museum of Susa)
Statue of queen Napirasu, wife of Untaš-Napiriša. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins. Funerary portrait. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins. Stela of Adda-hamiti-Inšušinak. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins. Stela of Šutruru. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins.
Statue of queen Napirasu, wife of Untaš-Napiriša (Louvre) Funerary portrait (Louvre) Stela of Adda-hamiti-Inšušinak (Louvre) Stela of Šutruru (Louvre)
Club. Museum of Susa. Photo Jona Lendering. Persian palace guard, found at Susa. Now in the Louvre, Paris. Silver rhyton (Achaemenid period). Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins. Small theater mask, Macedonian period. Museum of Susa (Iran). Photo Marco Prins.
Club (Museum of Susa) Persian soldier, from Susa (Louvre) Silver rhyton (Achaemenid period) (Louvre) Small theater mask, Macedonian period (Museum of Susa)
Achaemenid battlement. Museum of Susa. Photo Jona Lendering.
Achaemenid dish. Museum of Susa. Photo Jona Lendering. Achaemenid dishes. Museum of Susa. Photo Jona Lendering. Rim of a cup with the name of Xerxes. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins.
Achaemenid battlement (Museum of Susa) Achaemenid dish (Museum of Susa) Achaemenid dishes (Museum of Susa) Rim of a cup with the name of Xerxes (Louvre)
Stone fish. Archaeological Museum of Tehran. Photo Marco Prins. Weight, originally from Didyma. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins. Achaemenid administrative document. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins. "Royal warrior" made of gold. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins.
Stone fish (Archaeological Museum of Tehran) Weight, originally from Didyma (Louvre) Achaemenid administrative document (Louvre) "Royal warrior" made of gold (Louvre)
Oil lamp. Museum of Susa. Photo Jona Lendering. Handle of a coffin, Parthian age. Archaeological Museum, Tehran (Iran). Photo Jona Lendering. Inscription mentioning one Nicocles, son of Nicocles of Sinope. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins. Drainspout. Museum of Susa. Photo Jona Lendering.
Oil lamp (Museum of Susa) Handle of a coffin, Parthian age (Archaeological Museum, Tehran) Inscription mentioning one Nicocles, son of Nicocles of Sinope (Louvre) Drainspout (Museum of Susa)
Bottle. Parthian age. Museum of Susa. Photo Jona Lendering. Relief, Parthian age. Archaeological Museum, Tehran (Iran). Photo Jona Lendering. Jar, Parthian age. Museum of Susa. Photo Jona Lendering. Oil lamp. Museum of Susa. Photo Jona Lendering.
Bottle. Parthian age (Museum of Susa) Relief of Artabanus IV, Parthian age (Archaeological Museum, Tehran) Jar, Parthian age (Museum of Susa) Oil lamp (Museum of Susa)
Terracotta figurine. Museum of Susa. Photo Marco Prins. Cup, Sasanian age. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins. Marble head, probably Greek. Archaeological Museum, Tehran (Iran). Photo Jona Lendering.
Terracotta figurine (Museum of Susa) Cup, Sasanian age (Louvre) Marble head, probably Greek (Archaeological Museum, Tehran)
The codex of Hammurabi. Photo Marco Prins.
The best-known archaeological find from Susa is without any doubt the diorite stela with the Laws of the Babylonian king Hammurabi (1792-1750), which was taken away when the Elamites looted Babylon. The capital of the stela shows how Hammurabi prays to Šamaš, the sun god. The laws are written underneath this picture.

The significance of the regulations it is still unclear. In a society that was overwhelmingly illiterate, people would never know their rights if they depended upon a written text, and it is possible that the stela was in fact only meant to show to the eternal gods that the king was a just man, or tried to be.


History Photos
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2004
Revision: 10 April 2009
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other