Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other

First Syrian War (Carian War; 280-279)


Ptolemy II Philadelphus. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Jona Lendering.
Ptolemy II Philadelphus (Louvre, Paris)
Syrian Wars: series of conflicts between the Seleucid and Ptolemaic empires in the third and second centuries BCE; at stake was an area called Coele Syria, which is more or less identical to modern Israel, the Palestine territories, Lebanon and southern Syria.
First/1
280-279
First/2
274-272
Second
260-253
Third
246-241
Fourth
219-217
Fifth
202-195
Sixth
171-168
  • 281, September: Death of Seleucus I Nicator (killed by Ptolemy Keraunos); he is succeeded by his son Antiochus I Soter, who has difficulty to assert himself.
  • c.280: Ariarathes II and Orontes III of Armenia defeat a Seleucid army led by Amyntas, which means the beginning of independence of Cappadocia.
  • 280-279: Ptolemy II Philadelphus conducts a brief but successful war against Antiochus I Soter. Ptolemy conquers Ionia, Caria, Lycia, Pamphylia, and parts of Cilicia.
  • When Ptolemy has taken Damascus and discovers that Antiochus is as powerful as his father, an armistice is concluded. Antiochus accepted the defeat because he needed all his energy to organize his father's conquests in what is now Turkey. The first round of the First Syrian War had lasted less than twelve months.
  • This war is also known as Carian War.
Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine

This brief article has been written to offer background information to the real articles on Livius.Org. One day, this webpage will be improved. A list of completed articles can be found here.
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2007
Revision: 9 April 2007
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other