Ptolemy II Philadelphus (Louvre
series of conflicts between the Seleucid and Ptolemaic empires in the
third and second centuries BCE; at stake was an area
called Coele Syria, which is more or less identical to modern Israel,
the Palestine territories, Lebanon and southern Syria.
- 281, September: Death of Seleucus I Nicator (killed by Ptolemy Keraunos); he is succeeded by his son Antiochus I Soter, who has difficulty to assert himself.
- c.280: Ariarathes II and Orontes III of Armenia
defeat a Seleucid army led by Amyntas, which means the beginning of
independence of Cappadocia.
- 280-279: Ptolemy II Philadelphus conducts a brief but successful war against Antiochus I Soter. Ptolemy conquers Ionia, Caria, Lycia, Pamphylia, and parts of Cilicia.
- When Ptolemy has taken Damascus and discovers that
Antiochus is as powerful as his father, an armistice is concluded.
Antiochus accepted the defeat because he needed all his
energy to organize his father's conquests in what is now Turkey.
The first round of the First Syrian War
had lasted less than twelve months.
- This war is also known as Carian War.