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First Syrian War (274-272)


Astronomical diary, referring to financial measures during the First Syrian War. British Museum, London (Britain). Photo Jona Lendering.
Astronomical diary, referring to financial measures during the First Syrian War (British Museum)
Syrian Wars: series of conflicts between the Seleucid and Ptolemaic empires in the third and second centuries BCE; at stake was an area called Coele Syria, which is more or less identical to modern Israel, the Palestine territories, Lebanon and southern Syria.
First/1
280-279
First/2
274-272
Second
260-253
Third
246-241
Fourth
219-217
Fifth
202-195
Sixth
171-168
  • The second phase of the First Syrian War was inevitable after the Seleucid losses during the first phase
  • 275: Antiochus I Soter defeats the Galatians ("elephant battle") and the Seleucid empire stabilizes; he allies himself to Magas, king of the Cyrenaica
  • 274: A Seleucid general recaptures Damascus; Magas invades Egypt; mutiny in the Egyptian army; the Seleucids proceed to the south
  • Ptolemy II Philadelphus is able to expel Magas, recognizing him as independent ruler
  • 273: Treaty between Egypt and Rome, which has just defeated Pyrrhus of Epirus but is still a minor state
  • The Ptolemaic navy attacks the Seleucid ports and forces Antiochus to retreat
  • 272: Peace treaty
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© Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2007
Revision: 9 April 2007
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other