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Second Syrian War (260-253)


Coin of the Seleucid king Antiochus II Theos.
Antiochus II Theos
Syrian Wars: series of conflicts between the Seleucid and Ptolemaic empires in the third and second centuries BCE; at stake was an area called Coele Syria, which is more or less identical to modern Israel, the Palestine territories, Lebanon and southern Syria.
First/1
280-279
First/2
274-272
Second
260-253
Third
246-241
Fourth
219-217
Fifth
202-195
Sixth
171-168
  • 260: Accession of Antiochus II, who wants revenge for the First Syrian War and attacks Ptolemy II Philadelphus
  • 259: Ptolemy the Son revolts; Antiochus finds an ally in Antigonus II Gonatas of Macedonia; both want to expel the Ptolemies out of the Aegean world
  • Ptolemy joins forces with Eumenes I of Pergamon and achieves some successes
  • 259/258: New fiscal laws for Egypt; Antiochus liberates Miletus from a tyrant Timarchus, and is awarded the surname Theos, 'the god'
  • 256 or 255: Antigonus defeats Ptolemy near Kos
  • Corinth and Chalcis revolt against Macedonia (instigated by Ptolemy?); Antigonus abandons the war with the Ptolemies
  • 254: Peace between Egypt and Macedonia
  • 253: Peace with Antiochus II Theos, who repudiates his wife Laodice and marries Ptolemy's daughter Berenice Phernephorus
  • Ptolemies gain ground in Cilicia; Seleucids gain control of western Asia Minor
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Revision: 10 April 2007
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other