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Fourth Syrian War (219-217)

Antiochus III the Great. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins.
Antiochus III the Great (Louvre, Paris)
Syrian Wars: series of conflicts between the Seleucid and Ptolemaic empires in the third and second centuries BCE; at stake was an area called Coele Syria, which is more or less identical to modern Israel, the Palestine territories, Lebanon and southern Syria.
  • Ptolemy IV Philopator succeeds his father between 5 and 16 February 222; many relatives are killed (including his mother) by his ministers Agathocles and Sosibius
  • April-June 222: Antiochus III comes to power in the Seleucid Empire and marries Laodice III
  • 221: First skirmishes of the Fourth Syrian War: Antiochus attacks the Ptolemaic possessions in Syria, but is forced to suppress the revolt of Molon in Media and Persis first
  • 220: Antiochus suppresses the revolt of Molon
  • 220: Ptolemy marries his sister Arsinoe III
  • 219: Outbreak of the Fourth Syrian War; Antiochus reconquers Seleucia (the port of Antioch, which had been conquered by Ptolemy III in the Third Syrian War) and proceeds to the south, capturing Tyre
  • 13 June 217: Ptolemy's army defeats the Seleucid army at Raphia with an army that consists partly of native Egyptian soldiers
  • October 217: Peace is concluded; the Seleucid Empire keeps Seleucia. In Egypt, the victory is attributed to Isis and Serapis., the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine

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Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2007
Revision: 30 Nov. 2008
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other