Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other

Fifth Syrian War (202-195)


Antiochus III the Great. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins.
Antiochus III the Great (Louvre, Paris)
Syrian Wars: series of conflicts between the Seleucid and Ptolemaic empires in the third and second centuries BCE; at stake was an area called Coele Syria, which is more or less identical to modern Israel, the Palestine territories, Lebanon and southern Syria.
First/1
280-279
First/2
274-272
Second
260-253
Third
246-241
Fourth
219-217
Fifth
202-195
Sixth
171-168
  • 205/204: The Seleucid king Antiochus III the Great and the Macedonian king Philip V, knowing that a dynastic crisis is approaching in the Ptolemaic empire, agree to divide its possessions outside Africa; revolt of Horwennefer in Egypt
  • July or August 204: Death of Ptolemy IV Philopator; the queen-mother Arsinoe III is assassinated
  • 202: The royal advisers Agathocles and Sosibius are replaced by Telepolemus, and -later- Aristomenes
  • May 202: Outbreak of the Fifth Syrian War
  • Philip expels the Ptolemaic garrisons from the Aegaen Sea, which results in a conflict with Pergamon and Rhodes
  • 201: Rome is alarmed, and demands that Philip halts his aggression.
  • 200: Antiochus occupies Coele Syria (battle of Panion); Rome declares war against Macedonia (which leaves the war against the Ptolemies) and orders both to keep their hands off Egypt, which is vital for Rome's food supply; the rebel Horwennefer changes his name into Ankhwennefer
  • 199-197: Antiochus cancels his invasion of Egypt, and instead attacks Ptolemaic possessions in Cilicia
  • 197: In the battle of Cynoscephalae the Roman general Titus Quinctius Flamininus overcomes the Macedonians
  • 197/196: Ptolemy V represses the insurrection in the Delta.
  • 26 March 196: Traditional, native coronation of Ptolemy in Memphis; he accepts the surname Epiphanes, 'the god manifests himself'; Egyptian priests decree a divine cult for the young king (the text is known from the Rosetta Stone)
  • 195: Peace with Antiochus III; Ptolemy announces to marry Antiochus' daughter Cleopatra Syra and accepts the loss of all possessions outside Egypt, except for Cyprus and Cyrenaica
Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine

This brief article has been written to offer background information to the real articles on Livius.Org. One day, this webpage will be improved. A list of completed articles can be found here.
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2007
Revision: 30 July 2012
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other