Antiochus IV Ephiphanes
series of conflicts between the Seleucid
empires in the
third and second centuries BCE; at stake was an area
called Coele Syria,
which is more or less identical to modern Israel,
the Palestine territories, Lebanon and southern Syria.
- 180: Death of Ptolemy V Epiphanes; his son Ptolemy VI Philometor is too young; queen-mother Cleopatra Syra (a Seleucid princess) acts as regent
- 176: Death of
the queen-regent; new ministers, Lenaeus and Eulaeus, propose ware
against the Seleucid empire to reconquer Coele Syria
Outbreak of the Sixth
- The Seleucid king Antiochus IV Epiphanes prepares himself and strikes first:
Egypt, captures Memphis, and demands that Ptolemy VI receives other
(Comanus and Cineas). He presents himself as protector of the king.
Greek embassies to negotiate an armistice are sent back. In Alexandria,
people demand that Cleopatra II and Ptolemy VIII become king.
retreats (keeping Pelusion) and leaves the war to Ptolemy VI; in the
winter, the Ptolemaic rulers are reconciled, which puts an end to
Antiochus' ambition to keep the two brothers fighting against each other
invasion of Egypt. A
Seleucid navy (built in violation of the terms of the Peace of
Apamea) conquers Cyprus. Antiochus besieges Alexandria, but a
led by Gaius Popilius Laenas, orders the Seleucid king to return. This is the end of the war.