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Theodosius II

Bust of Theodosius II. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Jona Lendering.
Bust of Theodosius II (Louvre, Paris)
Theodosius II: emperor of the East-Roman (Byzantine) empire (408-450).
  • 10 April 401: Theodosius 
  • 10 January 402: Theodosius Augustus 
  • 28 July 450: natural death
Successor of: Arcadius


Main deeds:
  • 403 Consul (with Flavius Rumoridus)
  • c.406 Laguatan tribes invade the Cyrenaica
  • 407 Consul II (with Honorius VII)
  • 408 Succeeds his father; his reign will be largely contemporary with that of his uncle Honorius and his cousin Valentinian III in the west; in the east, government is in hands of Anthemius, praetorian prefect; the emperor begins building a new city wall
  • 409 Consul III (with Honorius VIII)
  • 410 Rome is sacked by the Visigoths; Jews expelled from the army of the eastern empire
  • 411 Consul IV (alone); Anysius liberates the Cyrenaica
  • 412 Consul V (with Honorius IX); Constantinople gets new walls
  • 414 Constantinople's city wall finished; Anthemius replaced as main adviser by Pulcheria, sister of Theodosius
  • 415 Consul VI (with Honorius X); the Hagia Sophia opened for prayer
  • 416 Consul VII (with Flavius Junius Quartus Palladius)
  • 418 Consul VIII (with Honorius XII)
  • 420 Consul IX (with "Constantius III" consul III); in the Sasanian Empire, Yazdgard I is succeeded by Bahram V
  • 421, 7 June: Theodosius marries Athenais Eudocia II; in the west, Honorius makes Constantius (husband of Galla Placidia) his co-ruler ("Constantius III"), but Theodosius II refuses to recognize him; Constantius dies after six months
  • 422 Consul X (with Honorius XIII); birth of Eudoxia III; inconclusive war with the Sasanian empire
  • 423 Galla Placidia and her young son Valentinian III arrive in Constantinople; Eudoxia and Valentinian engaged; death of Honorius; usurpation of Johannes; Theodosius immediately recognizes Valentinian as emperor in the west
  • 425 Consul XI (with Valentinian); Johannes succeeded by Valentinian; laws to reorganize education
  • 426 Consul XII (with Valentinian III consul II)
  • 427 Nestorius appointed bishop of Constantinople
  • 428 Agreement with Sasanian Persia about the division of Armenia
  • 429 Vandals invade Africa; Theodosius orders a codification of Roman law
  • 430 Consul XIII (with Valentinian III consul III) 
  • 431 Third Ecumenical Council, at Ephesus; Nestorianism condemned
  • 432 General Aspar unsuccessfully tries to push back the Vandals
  • 433 Consul XIV (with Petronius Maximus); the Huns settle in Pannonia (Vindobona)
  • 435 Consul XV (with Valentinian III consul IV); Nestorius sent into exile
  • 437 Eudoxia and Valentinian marry
  • 438 Consul XVI (with Anicius Acilius Glabrio Faustus); Codex Theodosianus completed (15 February); Athenais Eudocia retires to Jerusalem; in the Sasanian Empire, Bahram V is succeeded by Yazdgard II
  • 439 Consul XVII (with Flavius Rufius Postumius Festus); Vandals capture Carthage
  • 440 The Huns start to raid the Balkans
  • 442 Theodosius agrees to pay off the Sasanian Empire
  • 444 Consul XVIII (with Flavius Caecina Decius Aginatius Albinus)
  • 446 Theodosius pays off Attila, who turns to the west
  • 448 Eutyches the Archimandrite condemned (monophysitism); he appeals to pope Leo I
  • 450 Theodosius falls from his horse and dies; his sister Pulcheria makes Marcianus emperor
Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
Coin of Theodosius II. Byzantine and Christian Museum, Athens (Greece). Photo Marco Prins.
Coin of Theodosius II
(Byzantine and Christian 
Museum, Athens)

Contemporary events:

  • 412 Synesius of Cyrene' Catastasis
  • 414 Jews expelled from Alexandria; Hypatia lynched
  • 420 Death of Jerome
  • 425 Death of Gamaliel VI, last patriarch
  • 434 Attila and Bleda gain control of the tribes of the Huns
  • 438 Relics of John Chrysostom brought to Constantinople
  • 444 Death of Cyrillus of Alexandria; Diocorus becomes patriarch of Alexandria; beginning of the monophysite discussion
  • 445 Attila murders his brother Bleda
  • 448 The tragic incident of Moses of Crete
Succeeded by: Marcianus

This brief article has been written to offer background information
to the real articles on Livius.Org. One day, this webpage will be
improved. A list of completed articles can be found here.

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