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Tigranes II the Great

Coin of king Tigranes II the Great of Armenia. British Museum, London (Britain). Photo Marco Prins.
Tigranes II (British Museum, London)
Tigranes II the Great: name of an Armenian king, ruled from c.95 to c.55.

Successor of: Artavasdes I


  • Father: Tigranes I of Armenia
  • Wife: Cleopatra, a daughter of Mithridates VI of Pontus
  • Children: Artavasdes II, Tigranes 
Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
Bust of Pompey the Great. Louvre, Paris (France). Photo Marco Prins.
Pompey the Great (Louvre)
Main deeds:
  • Born c.140
  • c.120: taken hostage by the Parthians
  • c.95: Released after ceding "seventy valleys"; Tigranes becomes king of Armenia; he marries Cleopatra, daughter of king Mithridates VI of Pontus
  • 93: Annexation of Sophene
  • 91: After the death of Mithradates II of Parthia, Tigranes reconquers the "seventy valleys", and adds Osroene (Edessa), Nisibis, Gordyene, Atropatene, and Adiabene
  • 83: Conquers the remains of the Seleucid Empire. Its last king, Philip I Philadelphus, remains as ruler in Cilicia (his relative Antiochus X Eusebes Philopator may already have been dethroned earlier).
  • Founder of Tigranocerta
  • 75: Death of Philip I Philadelphus
  • His intended successor, Antiochus XIII Asiaticus, visits Rome
  • 74/73: Tigranes II the Great of Armenia conquers the remains of the Seleucid Empire.
  • 71: After setbacks during the Third Mithridatic War, Mithridates VI of Pontus flees to his son-in-law, who refuses to extradite him to the Romans.
  • 69: the Roman commander Lucullus attacks Armenia and defeats Tigranes at Tigranocerta: Lucullus appoints Antiochus XIII Asiaticus as ruler of Syria
  • 68: Second Armenian defeat at Artaxata
  • 68/67: Tigranes loses Nisibis to the Romans, but he is saved by the recall of Lucullus
  • Tigranes' son Tigranes flees to Lucullus' successor, Pompey the Great
  • King Tigranes surrenders to Pompey and is forced to give up most of his conquests; in return, he is recognized as friend and ally (amicus et socius) of the Roman people
  • c.55: Death
Succeeded by: his son Artavasdes II


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