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Trier: Forum


Model of the Forum of Trier. Landesmuseum, Trier (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
Model of the Forum of Trier. Landesmuseum.
Augusta Treverorum: Roman city, modern Trier.
   
History Pictures

The importance of Trier as an economic center is suggested by the size of its forum, which in the second century measured 275 x 135 meter - three city blocks in the center of the city, along the road from the amphitheater in the east to the Baths of Barbara and the bridgein the west. The site did not reach its immense size immediately: its origins were more modest, but it expanded at the end of the first century and in the second quarter of the second century.

The forum was again renovated in the first quarter of the fourth century, by either the emperor Constantius I Chlorus (293-306) or his son and successor Constantine I the Great (306-337). A large basilica - 100 x 25 meter - was added; this survived well into the Middle Ages, and was demolished in the twelfth century because the stones were needed to build a new city wall.

Edge of Empire. The book Arjen Bosman and I wrote about Rome's Lower Rhine Frontier.
Edge of Empire. The book Arjen Bosman and I wrote about Rome's Lower Rhine Frontier (order; review)
Model of the Forum of Trier. Landesmuseum, Trier (Germany). Photo Jona Lendering.
Model of the Forum of Trier. Landesmuseum.

Immediately west of the forum, the "Doppelpalast" was found: two expensive mansions, dating back to the first century, but often rebuilt (final building phase third/fourth century). A third city palace was found north of the twin mansions, northwest of the forum. This palace is often called "Palace of Marcus Piaonius Victorinus", a high officer whose name is mentioned in a mosaic that was made in c.260. He was to be emperor in 269-271.

It is interesting to note that very close to the ancient forum is the presrnt Viehmarkt (Cattle Market).


History Pictures
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2008
Revision: 7 Dec. 2008
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other