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Tyre


Tyre, City: Mosaic Road. Photo Jona Lendering.
Tyre, City: Mosaic Road.
Tyre (Phoenician רצ, ṣūr, "rock"; Greek Τρος; Latin Tyrus): port in Phoenicia and one of the main cities in the eastern Mediterranean.

History Photos Texts

Mosaic Road

Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine
Tyre, City: Mosaic Road. Photo Jona Lendering. Like most cities in the Roman Near East, Tyre had a "colonnaded road"; other examples are known from Apamea, Berytus, Cyrrhus, Damascus ("the street that is called the straight one" mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles), Diocaesarea, Laodicea, Palmyra, and Side. These were the monumental streets, used for religious processions - and to impress the visitors. That the sidewalks were covered with mosaics, was not unique: you can see the same in the Street of the Curetes in Ephesus.

In Tyre, however, the main passageway was covered with mosaics as well. And this was most unusual. It may have happened during the last years of the second century. During the civil war of 193/194, Tyre had staunchly defended Septimius Severus against Pescennius Niger, and has been sacked by Niger's Moorish javelin men and archers; the victorious Severus may well have expressed his gratitude in a truly royal way.

Tyre, City: Mosaic Road. Photo Jona Lendering. Tyre, City: Mosaic Road. Photo Jona Lendering. Tyre, City: Mosaic Road. Photo Jona Lendering.
Pavement
A capital
Cipollino marble
Septimius Severus. National Museum, Beyrut (Lebanon). Photo Jona Lendering.
Septimius Severus (National Museum, Beyrut)

At the southwestern end of the mosaic road used to be a statue of the emperor Hadrian. This was also the place were the boxer inscription and the bust of Septimius Severus, now in the National Museum in Beyrut, were found.

A satellite photo can be seen here.


History Photos Texts
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2012
Revision: 17 Aug. 2012
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