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Tyre


Tyre, City: Square Building. Photo Jona Lendering.
Tyre, City: Square building.
Tyre (Phoenician רצ, ṣūr, "rock"; Greek Τρος; Latin Tyrus): port in Phoenicia and one of the main cities in the eastern Mediterranean.

History Photos Texts

Square Building

Ancient-Warfare.com, the online home of Ancient Warfare magazine

Situated along Tyre's Mosaic Road, the "Square Building" or "Rectangular Arena" is about forty-five meters long and thirty-five meters wide. It was originally built in the Hellenistic period, but in its present form, it dates to the fourth century CE. It was built from a local type of limestone and had seats on all sides. About two thousand people may have been able to gather over here. So, although its function is not well-known, we can be confident that some kind of audience used this building as a meeting place.
Tyre, City: Square Building. Photo Jona Lendering. Tyre, City: Square Building. Photo Jona Lendering. Tyre, City: Square Building. Photo Jona Lendering.


A smaller but comparable building is the Prytaneum in Priene, and indeed, it is possible that Tyre's city council, or the council of the Roman province of Phoenicia, gathered in this building. An alternative theory is that the rectangular structure served as some kind of arena for martial arts. An inscription mentioning a successful boxer, has been found in the neighborhood.

A satellite photo can be seen here.


History Photos Texts
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2012
Revision: 17 Aug. 2012
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