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Tyre


Tiglath-pileser III on a relief from Nimrud. Rijksmuseum van oudheden, Leiden (Netherlands). Photo Jona Lendering.
Tiglath-pileser III on a relief from Nimrud (Rijksmuseum van oudheden, Leiden)
Tyre (Phoenician רצ, ṣūr, "rock"; Greek Τρος; Latin Tyrus): port in Phoenicia and one of the main cities in the eastern Mediterranean.

History Photos Texts

After an impasse that had lasted for almost a century, the Assyrian king Tiglath-pileser III (r.745-722) embarked upon an aggressive military policy again. One of the sources is the series of Annals, which were found in Nimrud. The following text is a fragment, documenting an unknown year beween 745 and 737; it is known as ANET3 283 and the translation was made by Leo Oppenheim.

The Annals of Tiglath-pileser

I received tribute from Kuštašpi of Commagene, Rezon of Damascus, Menahem of Samaria, Hiram of Tyre, Sibitti-bi'li of Byblos, Urikki of Qu'e, Pisiris of Karchemiš, I'nil of Hamath, Panammu of Sam'al, Tarhulara of Gurgum, Sulumal of Melitene, Dadili of Kaska, Uassarme of Tabal, Ušhitti of Tuhana, Tuhamma of Ištunda, Urimme of Hubišna, and Zabibe, the queen of Arabi - gold, silver, tin, iron, elephant-hides, ivory, linen garments with multicolored trimmings, blue-dyed wool, purple-dyed wool, ebony-wood, boxwood-wood, whatever was precious enough for a royal treasure; also lambs whose stretched hides were dyed purple, wild birds whose spread-out wings were dyed blue, furthermore horses, mules, large and small cattle, male dromedaries, female dromedaries with their foals.
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History Photos Texts
Jona Lendering for
Livius.Org, 2012
Revision: 10 Aug. 2012
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