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Money, Weights and Measures in Antiquity


Money & weights Capacity Length & surface
Equations Some implications Bibliography

Milestone along the Via Appia. Photo Jona Lendering.
Milestone along the Via Appia  (©**)

6 Bibliography

  • Andreau, J., Briant, P., Descat, R. eds. (1994) Économie Antique. Les échanges dans l’Antiquité: le rôle de l’état. (St. Bertrand de Comminges).
  • Andreau, J., Briant, P., Descat, R. eds.  (1997) Économie Antique. Prix et formation des prix dans les économies antiques. (St. Bertrand de Comminges).
  • Andreau, J., Briant, P., Descat, R. eds.  (2000) Économie Antique. La guerre dans les économies antiques. (St. Bertrand de Comminges).
  • Aperghis, M. (2001) 'Population – production – taxation – coinage: a model for the Seleukid economy,' in: Archibald (2001) 69-102.
  • Aperghis, M. (2004) The Seleukid Royal Economy. The Finances and Financial Administration of the Seleukid economy (Cambridge).
  • Boiy, T. (2004) Late Achaemenid and Hellenistic Babylon (Leuven)
  • Cadell, Hélène, Le Rider, G. (1997), Prix du blé dans l’Égypte lagide de 305 à 173 (Brussels)
  • Callataÿ, F. de (1989)  "Les trésors achéménides et les monnayages d'Alexandre: espèces immobilisées et espèces circulantes?," Revue des Études Anciennes, 91 (1-2), 259-276. 
  • Callataÿ, F. de (1997), Recueil quantitatif des émissions monétaires hellenistiques (Wetteren)
  • Callataÿ, F. de (2003), Recueil quantitatif des émissions monétaires archaïques et classiques (Wetteren)
  • Cartledge, P., Cohen, E.E., Foxhall, L. eds. (2002), Money, Labour and Land. Approaches to the economies of ancient Greece (London)
  • Crawford, D.J. (1971), Kerkeosiris. An Egyptian village in the Ptolemaic period (Cambridge)
  • Crawford, M.H. (1970), "Money and Exchange in the Roman World" in Journal of Roman Studies 60, 40-48
  • Crawford, M.H. (1974), Roman Republican Coinage (Cambridge) 
  • Crawford, M.H. (1985), Coinage and Money under the Roman Republic. Italy and the Mediterranean Economy (Cambridge)
  • Carradice, I, Price, M. (1988), Coinage in the Greek world.
  • Drexhage, H.-J. (1991), Preise, Mieten/Pachten, Kosten und Löhne im römischen Ägypten bis zum Regierungsantritt Diokletians (St. Katharinen)
  • Driel, G. van (2002) Elusive Silver. In Search of a Role for a Market in an Agrarian Environment. Aspects of Mesopotamia's Society (Leiden).
  • Duncan-Jones, R. (1994) Money and Government in the Roman Empire (Cambridge)
  • Engels, D.W. (1978) Alexander the Great and the Logistics of the Macedonian Army (Berkeley)
  • Epiphanius of Salamis, Weights and measures
  • Erdkamp, P. (1998) Hunger and the Sword. Warfare and Food supply in Roman republican Wars (264-30 B.C.) (Amsterdam)
  • Garsney, P. (1998) Cities, Peasants and Food in Classical Antiquity. Essays in Social and Economic History (Cambridge)
  • Heichelheim, Fr. (1930) Wirtschaftliche Schwankungen der Zeit von Alexander bis Augustus (Jena) 
  • Houghton, A., Lorber, C. (2002), Seleucid Coins. A comprehensive catalogue. Part I. Seleucus I through Antiochus III (New York)
  • Howgego, C. (1995) Ancient History from Coins (London) 
  • Hultsch, F. (1862; 2nd edn, 1882; repr. 1971) Griechische und römische Metrologie.
  • ed. F.Hultsch, Metrologicorum scriptorum reliquiae I-II (Teubner, 1864-6; repr. 1971).
  • Jacobsen, Th. (1982) Salinity and Irrigation Agriculture in Antiquity. Diyala Basin Archaeological Projects: Report on essential results, 1957-58 (Malibu). 
  • Lang, M. & Crosby, M. (1964) The Athenian Agora, X. Weights, Measures and Tokens.
  • Maresch, K. (1996) Bronze und Silber. Papyrologische Beiträge zur Geschichte des Währung om ptolemäischen und römischen Ägypten (Cologne)
  • Meadows, A., Shipton, Kirsty (eds) (2001), Money and its Uses in the Ancient Greek World (Oxford).
  • Mørkholm, O., Grierson, Ph., Westermark, Ulla (1991) Early Hellenistic Coinage from the Accession of Alexander to the Peace of Apamea (336-188 B.C.) (Cambridge).
  • Oxford Classical Dictionary 1996³, s.v. "coinage", "measures", "weights"
  • Parkins, H., Smith, C. eds. (1998) Trade, Traders and the Ancient City (London)
  • Persson, K.G. (1999) Grain Markets in Europe 1500-1900 (Cambridge).
  • Powell, M.A. (1984), "Late Babylonian Surface Mensuration" in Archiv für Orientforschung 31, 32-66
  • Powell, M.A.(1989-90), "Masse und gewichte" in: Reallexikon der Assyriologie 7, 457-517
  • Powell, M.A. (1990) "Identification and interpretation of long term price fluctuations in Babylonia: More on the history of money in Mesopotamia" Altorientalische Forschungen 17, 76-99
  • Powell, M.A. (1996), "Money in Mesopotamia" Journal of the Social and Economic History of the Orient 39, 224-242
  • Rathbone, D.W. (1983a) "The Weight and Measurement of Egyptian Grains" Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 53, 265-75.
  • Rathbone, D.W. (1983b) "The grain trade and grain shortages in the Hellenistic world" in P. Garnsey & C.R. Whittaker eds., Trade and famine in Classical Antiquity (Cambridge) 45-55
  • Rathbone, D.W. (1991)  Economic rationalism and rural society in third-century A.D. Egypt. The Heroninos archive and the Appianus estate (Cambridge)
  • Reger, G. (1994) Regionalism and Change in the Economy of Independent Delos (Berkeley)
  • Rickman, G. (1980) The Corn Supply of Ancient Rome (Oxford)
  • Rostovtzeff, M. (1941) The Social and Economic History of the Hellenistic World (Oxford)
  • Scheidel, W., Von Reden, S. eds., (2002) The Ancient Economy (Edinburgh)
  • Schelkle, W., Nitsch, M. eds., (1995) Rätsel Geld. Annäherungen aus ökonomischer, soziologischer und historischer Sicht (Marburg)
  • Slotsky, A.L. (1997) The Bourse of Babylon. Market Quotations in the Astronomical Diaries of Babylonia  (Bethesda MD).
  • Spek, R.J. van der (1998) "Cuneiform documents on Parthian history: the Rahimesu archive. Materials for the study of the standard of living" in: J. Wiesehöfer ed., Das Partherreich und seine Zeugnisse (Stuttgart) 205-258.
  • Spek, R.J. van der (2005) "Commodity Prices in Babylon 384 - 61 BC"
  • Stolper, M.W. (1985) Entrepreneurs and Empire. The Murašû Archive, the Murašû Firm and Persian Rule in Babylonia (Leiden, Istanbul).
  • Stolper, M.W. (1993) Late Achaemenid, Early Macedonian, and Early Seleucid Records of Deposit and Related Texts (Napoli).
  • Vargyas, P. (2001) A History of Babylonian Prices in the First Millennium BC. 1. Prices of the Basic Commodities. (Heidelberg).
  • Walker, D.R. (1978) Metrology of the Roman Silver Coinage (Oxford; BAR Suppl. Series 40)
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Money & weights Capacity Length & surface
Equations Some implications Bibliography
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Revision: 23 February 2007
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