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Xerxes I


Xerxes on a relief of Darius I the Great. Originally at the north stairs of the apadana of Persepolis, now in the National Archaeological Museum, Tehran (Iran). Photo Marco Prins
Xerxes on a relief of Darius I the Great. Originally at the north stairs of the apadana of Persepolis, now in the National Archaeological Museum, Tehran (Iran)
Xerxes: Achaemenid king of the Persian Empire, ruled from 486 to 465.

Relatives:

Main deeds:

  • Accession between 17 November and 1 December 486
  • 484: Suppression of the revolts of Šamaš-eriba and BÍl-šim‚nni in Babylonia and a rebellion in Egypt
  • 481: in Sardes
  • 480: Greek war: victories at Thermopylae and Artemisium, sack of Athens, setback at Salamis
  • 480/479: in Sardes (probably to keep an eye on unquiet Babylon)
  • 479: Mardonius defeated at Plataea
  • On his return from the west, Xerxes captures Babylon again (?)
  • 8 March 473: Date of Esther and Mordecai's saving of the Jews, according to Esther
  • Murdered between 4 and 8 August 465

Sources:

Buildings:

Succeeded by: Artaxerxes I Makrocheir

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Cartouche with the name of Xerxes
Cartouche with Xerxes' name
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Revision: 5 Dec. 2009
Livius.Org Anatolia Carthage Egypt Germ. Inf. Greece Judaea Mesopotamia Persia Rome Other