An Anatolian fort, on
an Assyrian relief from Nimrud (Louvre)
||The Chronicle Concerning Year Three of Neriglissar
6) is one of the historiographical texts from ancient Babylonia.
It deals with king Neriglissar (= Nergal-šarra-usur) and his war in the
far west in 557/556 BCE. Unlike other chronicles, this text is very rich
For a very brief introduction to the literary
genre of chronicles, go here.
The translation on this webpage was adapted from A.K. Grayson, Assyrian
and Babylonian Chronicles (1975) and Jean-Jacques Glassner, Mesopotamian
Chronicles (Atlanta, 2004).
This chronicle, like Chronicles
is inscribed on a tablet, BM 25124 (98-2-16, 178), which has the shape
of a Neo-Babylonian business tablet. It measures 58 mm wide and 46 mm long.
There are only minor lacunae in the tablet.
|1 The third year (557/556):
on the Nth day of the month [...], Appuašu,
the king of Pirindu,
|2 mustered a large army and set out
to plunder and sack
|3 Syria. Neriglissar
|4 mustered his army and marched to Hume [Cilicia]
to oppose him.
|5 Before his arrival Appuašu placed
|6 the army and cavalry which he had organized
|7 in a mountain valley ambush.
|8 When Neriglissar reached them he inflicted a defeat upon them
|9 and conquered the large army. The army and numerous horses
|10 he captured. He pursued
|11 for a distance of fifteen double-hours and marched through
difficult mountains, where men must walk in single file,
|12 as far as Ura, the royal city.
|13 He captured him, seized Ura, and sacked it.
|15-17 When he had marched for a distance of six double hours
through rough mountains and difficult passes, from Ura to Kirši -his forefather's
|18 he captured Kirši, the mighty city, his royal metropolis.
|19 He burnt its wall, its palace, and its people.
|20 Pitusu, a land in the midst of the ocean,
|21 and six thousand combat troops who were stationed in it
|22 he captured by means of boats. He destroyed their city
|23 and captured their people. In that same year from the pass
|24 of Sallune to the border
|25 of Lydia
he started fires. Appuašu
|26 fled, so he did not capture him. In the month of Addaru
the king of Akkad
|27 went home.