Syrian Wars: series of conflicts between the Seleucid and Ptolemaic empires in the third and second centuries BCE; at stake was an area called Coele Syria, which is more or less identical to modern Israel, the Palestine territories, Lebanon, and southern Syria.
Course of events
- Ptolemy IV Philopator succeeds his father between 5 and 16 February 222; many relatives are killed (including his mother) by his ministers Agathocles and Sosibius
- April-June 222: Antiochus III comes to power in the Seleucid Empire and marries Laodice III
- 221: First skirmishes of the Fourth Syrian War: Antiochus attacks the Ptolemaic possessions in Syria, but is forced to suppress the revolt of Molon in Media and Persis first
- 220: Antiochus suppresses the revolt of Molon
- 220: Ptolemy marries his sister Arsinoe III
- 219: Outbreak of the Fourth Syrian War; Antiochus reconquers Seleucia (the port of Antioch, which had been conquered by Ptolemy III in the Third Syrian War) and proceeds to the south, capturing Tyre
- 13 June 217: Ptolemy's army defeats the Seleucid army at Raphia with an army that consists partly of native Egyptian soldiers
- October 217: Peace is concluded; the Seleucid Empire keeps Seleucia. In Egypt, the victory is attributed to Isis and Serapis.