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Herodians

Herodians: the last dynasty of independent Judaea.

The Herodian dynasty is named after Herod the Great, who was recognized as king of the Jews by the Romans in 40 and continued to rule until 5 or 4 BCE. In these years, he created a powerful vassal kingdom, with Caesarea and Jerusalem as splendid capitals. He was succeeded by his sons Archelaus (Judaea), Antipas (Galilee), and Philip (the northern territories), but in 6 CE, the Romans added Archelaus' realms.

The kingdom was reunited by Agrippa I, who ruled from 41 to 44. After his death, Rome reannexed Judaea, leaving the area around the Sea of Galilee to Agrippa II.

Literature

Nikos Kokkinos, The Herodian Dynasty: Origins, Role in Society and Eclipse (1998)

This page was created in 2015; last modified on 10 August 2015.