Artystone (Elamite Irtašduna) was the daughter of the Persian king Cyrus the Great (559-530 BCE) and a wife of king Darius I the Great (522-486).

Achaemenid woman (or a beardless prince)
Achaemenid woman (or a beardless prince)

Artystone's marriage to Darius the Great, briefly after his coup d'état, was important because it connected two lines of the Achaemenid dynasty, which was necessary because the older branch had died out and Darius belonged to a younger branch. A similar marriages was concluded between Darius and Artystone's sister Atossa.

According to the Greek researcher Herodotus of Halicarnassus, Artystone was Darius' favorite wife; he erected a golden statue of her.note The couple had three children: Arsames, Gobryas, and Artozostre.

In the Persepolis Fortification Tablets, this queen is called Irtašduna. She appears to have been one of the most influential women at the Achaemenid court, and owned large estates in Persis.

This page was created in 1999; last modified on 30 July 2015.