Cendere: name of a little river and a place, site of a Roman bridge, built by the Sixteenth Legion Flavia Firma.

Inscription at the bridge of Cendere
Inscription at the bridge of Cendere

The Roman bridge at Cendere was built in the last years of the second century, after the emperor Septimius Severus had defeated the Parthians, had captured Ctesiphon, and had added Mesopotamia to the Roman Empire. The old line of defense works along the Upper Euphrates was no longer necessary. The area was reorganized and the river Chabinas (the modern Cendere Suyu) was bridged by soldiers of the Sixteenth Legion Flavia Firma

The construction was 118 meters long and is part of the road to Nemrud Daği. On each of the two bridgeheads were two pillars with a statue, dedicated to the emperor, to his wife Julia Domna, and to their sons Caracalla and Geta. (When the latter was murdered, his statue was removed and his name erased from the inscriptions.)

The statues of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna shown below are not from Cendere, but from a nymphaeum in Perge in southern Turkey, and can now be seen in the Archaeological Museum of Antalya. Similar statues were standing on top of the pillars at the Cendere bridge.

This page was created in 2004; last modified on 29 July 2015.