Dur-Šarrukin: one of the capitals of ancient Assyria, founded by king Sargon II (r.721-705) but soon abandoned, modern Khorsabad.
In 713 BCE, king Sargon of Assyria ordered the construction of a new capital, Dur-Šarrukin, "the castle of Sargon". To create it, the surrounding plain had to be developed. The new city measured 1760 x 1635 meters and was constructed by POWs.
In 706 BCE, the Assyrian court moved to Dur-Šarrukin, even though it was not yet finished. During the reign of Sargon's son Sennacherib, the city was abandoned and the capital was moved to Nineveh.