Ephesus (modern Selçuk): ancient Greek town in western Turkey, one of the largest and best excavated cities of the ancient world.
The commercial agora (market), constructed in the Hellenistic period, but rebuilt several times by the Romans, measured about 110x110 meters. Rebuilding was done during the reign of Augustus (r.31 BCE - 14 CE), who added the Gate of Mazaeus and Mithradates. Other building phase belong to the reigns of the emperors Nero (r.54-68), Caracalla (r.211-217), and in the fourth century. It proves that the market still had an important function for the hundreds of thousands Ephesians.