Nisaia (Old Persian Nisâya, "settlement"): district in western Media.

The Nesaean Plain, surrounding Ecbatana (modern Hamadan)The Nisaean or Nesaean plain, which is mentioned by several ancient authors, was well-known for its horses and clover (medicago sativa, "purple medic" or alvalva). The plain must have been part of the Zagros range, and was probably along the road from to Behistun and Hamadan (ancient Ecbatana).

The Nisaean horses are usually mentioned as pulling the Achaemenid royal chariot or chariots used in some sort of cultic practice. They were so famous in the ancient world, that c.130 BCE, the Chinese emperor Han Wu-ti (141-87) sent an important courtier named Chang Ch'ien to buy them. Although he failed in his mission, the result of his voyage was the opening of the Silk road.

Chariot, drawn by Nesaean horsesCenturies later, the Persian king Shapur I (241-272 CE) offered the Jews in the Sasanian empire a fine white Nisaean horse, just in case that the Messiah, who was thought to ride a donkey or a mule, would come.note There is no need to dount the story, because Zoroastrians had started to believe in a Savior as well, the sošyan.

In the neighborhood, forty kilometers upstream from modern Sa'îndezh, was the royal residence of the Median and Persian kings, Sikayauvatiš, which dominated the road between Media and Armenia. Here, Darius I the Great killed the Magian usuper Gaumâta (29 September, 522 BCE) and became king of the Persian empire.

This page was created in 1997; last modified on 25 July 2015.