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Sparta (Greek Σπάρτα): one of the main city-states of ancient Greece, leader of the Peloponnesian League. The city-state is also called Lacedaemon.


  • 371: Battle of Leuctra: end of Spartan hegemony, liberation of the helots of Messenia
  • Sparta kept outside the Corinthian League and did not take part in Alexander's campaign against the Achaemenid Empire; on the contrary, the Spartan king Agis III attacked Macedonia
  • Slow decline in the course of the third century
  • Forced to join the Achaean League; part of the Roman province of Achaea after 146 BCE
  • Retains some of its archaic custom to attract Roman "tourists"

This page was created in 2017; last modified on 16 June 2017.