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Legio I Maximiana

Legio I Maximiana: one of the legions of the later Roman empire. Its name means "the legion of Maximianus".

This legion was probably founded in 296 or 297 by the emperor Diocletian, together with II Flavia Constantia, to defend the southern part of Egypt against neighboring tribes. They were stationed in the neighborhood of Thebes. The legion is called after Maximianus, Diocletian's colleague as emperor.

In 354, the Theban legions were stationed in Thrace in the neighborhood of Adrianopel (modern Edirne); at the beginning of the fifth century, they were still there. It is almost certain that I Maximiana was involved in the great battle of Hadrianopel in 378, in which the Visigoths defeated the Roman emperor Valens.

This page was created in 2003; last modified on 21 September 2014.