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List of Roman Emperors

On these pages, you will find the names, regnal dates, and portraits of the emperors of the Roman Empire, with links to more information.

Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
  • 13 July 100 BCE: Gaius Julius Caesar 
  • 10 January 49: rebelled against the Senate
  • 9 August 48: sole ruler
  • 15 March 44: murdered by senators

Biography by Suetonius


Augustus
Augustus
Augustus
  • 23 September 63 BCE: Gaius Octavius
  • 8 May 44: Gaius Julius Caesarnote
  • November 40: Imperator Caesar Divi filius 
  • 2 September 31 BCE: sole ruler
  • 16 January 27: Imperator Caesar Divi filius Augustus
  • 19 August 14 CE: natural death

Biography by Suetonius


Tiberius
Tiberius
Tiberius
  • 16 November 42 BCE: Tiberius Claudius Nero
  • 19 August 14 CE: Imperator Tiberius Caesar Augustus
  • 16 March 37: natural death

Biography by Suetonius


Caligula
Caligula
Caligula
  • 31 August 12 CE: Gaius Caesar Germanicus
  • Summer 14: nickname Caligula ("soldier's boot") 
  • 18 March 37: Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus 
  • 24 January 41: murdered by soldiers

Biography by Suetonius


Claudius
Claudius
Claudius
  • 1 August 10 BCE: Tiberius Claudius Nero Germanicus 
    25 January 41: Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
    13 October 54: poisoned

Refused title: Britannicus (43) 

Biography by Suetonius


 

Nero
Nero
Nero
  • 15 December 37: Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus 
  • 25 February 50: Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus 
  • 13 October 54: Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus 
  • September (?) 66: Imperator Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
  • 9 June 68: suicide

Biography by Suetonius


Galba
Galba
Galba
  • 24 December 3 BCE: Servius Sulpicius Galba 
  • 8 June 68: Servius Galba Imperator Caesar Augustus
  • 15 June 69: lynched by soldiers

Biography by Suetonius


Vitellius
Vitellius
Vitellius
  • 7 September 12 (?): AulusVitellius 
  • 2 January 69: Aulus Vitellius Germanicus Imperator 
  • 18 July 69: Aulus Vitellius Germanicus Imperator Augustus 
  • 20 December 69: lynched by soldiers

Nickname: Spintria

Biography by Suetonius


Otho
Otho
Otho
  • 28 April 32: Marcus Salvius Otho 
  • 15 January 69: Imperator Marcus Otho Caesar Augustus (Nero?) 
  • 16 April 69: suicide

Biography by Suetonius


Vespasian
Vespasian
Vespasian
  • 17 November 9: Titus Flavius Vespasianus 
  • 1 July 69: Imperator Titus Flavius Vespasianus Caesar
  • 23 June 79: natural death

Biography by Suetonius


Julius Sabinus
  • Year of birth unknown
  • Spring 70: Emperor of the 'Gallic empire'
  • Summer 70: into hiding
  • 79: executed

Titus
Titus
Titus
  • 30 December 39: Titus Flavius Vespasianus 
  • July 69: Titus Caesar Vespasianus 
  • 2 September 70: Imperator Titus Caesar Vespasianus 
  • 24 June 79: Imperator Titus Caesar Vespasianus Augustus
  • 13 September 81: natural death

Biography by Suetonius


Domitian
Domitian
Domitian
  • 24 October 51: Titus Flavius Domitianus 
  • 14 September 81: Imperator Caesar Domitianus Augustus
  • 83: Imperator Caesar Domitianus Germanicus Augustus
  • 18 September 96: murdered by courtiers

Biography by Suetonius


Nerva
Nerva
Nerva
  • 30 November 30: Marcus Cocceius Nerva 
  • 18 September 96: Imperator Nerva Caesar Augustus 
  • 97: Imperator Nerva Germanicus Caesar Augustus 
  • 27 (?) January 98: natural death

Trajan
Trajan
Trajan
  • 18 September 53: Marcus Ulpius Trajanus Crinitus 
  • October 97: Imperator Caesar Nerva Trajanus 
  • 28 January 98: Imperator Caesar Nerva Trajanus Augustus 
  • Germanicus (97), Dacicus (102), Optimus (114), Parthicus (116) 
  • 7 August 117: natural death

Literature

Dietmar Kienast, Römische Kaisertabelle. Grundzüge einer römischen Kaiserchronologie (1990 Darmstadt)