This is the new Livius website. We are currently converting the old website, but this will take some time yet. Please report any errors.

Vanden Berghe List

The Vanden Berghe List, named after the Flemish Iranologist Louis Vanden Berghe (1923-1993) is the catalog of ancient Iranian rock reliefs.

1. Reliefs from Lullubi

A magian on the tomb of Dukkan-e Daud
A magian on the tomb of Dukkan-e Daud

  1. Sar-e Pol-e Zahab I: Victory Relief of Anubanini
  2. Sar-e Pol-e Zahab II: Victory Relief
  3. Sar-e Pol-e Zahab III: Victory Relief
  4. Sar-e Pol-e Zahab IV: Victory Relief

2. Elamite Reliefs

2.1 Khuzestan

  1. Hung-i Nauruzi: Adoration Scene
  2. Shah Savar: Adoration Scene
  3. Shikaft-i Salman I: Adoration Scene of Shutruru, minister of Hanni
  4. Shikaft-i Salman II: Adoration Scene of Hanni
  5. Shikaft-i Salman II: Adoration Scene of Hanni
  6. Shikaft-i Salman II: Adoration Scene of Hanni
  7. Kuh-i Farah I: Offering Scene of Hanni
  8. Kuh-i Farah II: Offering Scene
  9. Kuh-i Farah III: Offering Scene
  10. Kuh-i Farah IV: Procession
  11. Kuh-i Farah V: Offering Scene
  12. Kuh-i Farah I: Adorarion Scene

2.2 Fars

  1. Kurangun: Adoration Scene
  2. Naqš-i Rustam: Damaged Relief
  3. Naqš-i Rustam: Damaged Throne Scene

3. Assyrian Reliefs

  1. Uramanat: An Assyrian King
  2. Shikaft-i Gulgul: Esarhaddon

4. Achaemenid Reliefs

4.1 Kurdistan

  1. Behistun: Victory Relief of Darius

4.2 Fars

  1. Naqš-i Rustam: Tomb I (Darius II Nothus?)
  2. Naqš-i Rustam: Tomb II (Artaxerxes I Makrocheir?)
  3. Naqš-i Rustam: Tomb of Darius I the Great
  4. Naqš-i Rustam: Tomb IV (Xerxes?)
  5. Persepolis: Tomb of Artaxerxes III Ochus
  6. Persepolis: Tomb of Artaxerxes II Mnemon
  7. Persepolis: Unfinished Tomb
  8. Kuh-i Rahmat: Altar

5. Late Reliefs

5.1 Kurdistan

  1. Dukkan-e Daud: Tomb of a Magian
  2. Sakavand: Adoration Scene
  3. Ravansar: Offering Scene

5.2 Fars

  1. Gardanah Gavlimash: Archer

6. Seleucid Reliefs

  1. Behistun: Heracles

7. Parthian Reliefs

7.1 Kurdistan

  1. Sar-e Pol-e Zahab V: Investiture of Gotarzes I or II
  2. Behistun: Homage to Mithridates II
  3. Behistun: Victory of Gotarzes II
  4. Behistun: Offering to Vologases

7.2 Khuzestan

  1. Hung-i Nauruzi: Investiture of Mithridates I
  2. Hung-i Yar-i Aliwand: Investiture Scene
  3. Hung-i Kamalwand: Homage
  4. Tang-i Butan, Shimbar: Homage
  5. Kuh-i Tina: Homage
  6. Kuh-i Taraz: Investiture Scene
  7. Tang-i Sarvak I: Offering to Heracles-Verethragna
  8. Tang-i Sarvak II: Investiture Scene
  9. Tang-i Sarvak III: Equestrian Combat
  10. Tang-i Sarvak IV: Dignitaries

8. Sasanian Reliefs

8.1 Ardašir I (224-241)

  1. Equestrian victory Firuzabad (defeat of Artabanus V)
  2. Investiture Firuzabad
  3. Investiture Naqš-e Radjab
  4. Investiture relief Naqš-i Rustam (defeat of Artabanus V)
  5. Audience relief Salmas

8.2 Shapur I (241-272)

  1. Investiture Naqš-i Radjab
  2. Equestrian relief Naqš-e Radjab
  3. Triumph relief Naqš-i Rustam (defeat of Philip and Valerian)
  4. Triumph relief at Darabgird (defeat of Gordian III, Philip, and Valerian)
  5. Bishapur I: Investiture relief (defeat of Gordian III and Philip)
  6. Bishapur II: Triumph relief (defeat of Gordian III, Philip, and Valerian)
  7. Bishapur III: Triumph relief

8.3 Bahram I (273-276)

  1. Bishapur V: Investiture relief (defeat of unknown enemy)

8.4 Bahram II (276-293)

  1. Audience relief Naqš-i Rustam
  2. Audience relief at Sarab-i Bahram
  3. Family scene at Sarab-i Qandil
  4. Family scene at Barm-e Dilak
  5. King and dignitary at Barm-e Dilak
  6. King at Guyum
  7. Bishapur IV: Arabian envoys
  8. Fight against lions at Sar Mashhad
  9. Equestrian victory relief Naqš-i Rustam (defeat of unknown enemy)
  10. Double equestrian relief Naqš-i Rustam (defeat of unknown enemy)
  11. Kartir relief Naqš-e Radjab
  12. Kartir relief Naqš-i Rustam

8.5 Narseh (293-303)

  1. Investiture Naqš-i Rustam

8.6 Hormizd II (303-309)

  1. Equestrian victory Naqš-i Rustam (defeat of king Papak of Armenia?)

8.7 Shapur II (309-379)

  1. Throne relief Naqš-i Rustam (extremely damaged)
  2. Bishapur VI: Suppression of a revolt
  3. Investiture relief Taq-e Bostan (defeat of Julianus Apostata)

8.8 Shapur III (383-388)

  1. Investiture relief Taq-e Bostan

8.9 Khusrau II 'the victorious' (590-628)

  1. Investiture relief Taq-e Bostan
  2. King on horse Taq-e Bostan
  3. Boar hunt at Taq-e Bostan
  4. Stag hunt at Taq-e Bostan

9. Others

  1. Representation of Anahita at Darabgird
  2. Destroyed relief at Rey
  3. Lion at Naqš-i Rustam
  4. Unfinished relief at Behistun


Louis Vanden Berghe, Reliefs rupestres de l' Iran ancien (1983 Brussels)

This page was created in 2009; last modified on 1 August 2014.