Artabanus: Persian prince, younger brother of king Darius I the Great mentioned in our sources between 513 and 480 BCE.
In the Histories of the Greek researcher Herodotus of Halicarnassus (fifth century BCE), Artabanus usually plays the role of the wise councelor, who warns against dangerous military enterprises. He is also mentioned by Ctesias of Cnidus, who calls him Artapanus.
Artabanus had several sons: Artyphius, Ariomardus, Bassaces, Tigranes and Tritantaechmes. All these men commanded Persian contingents during Xerxes' disastrous expedition to Greece (480 BCE), against which Artabanus had warned.