Cambyses (Old Persian Kambujiya): son of king Cyrus of Anšan, member of the Achaemenid dynasty, ruling as king in Anšan, the central part of Persia. In the first half of the sixth century BCE, Persia was subjected to the Medes, so he was a kind of vassal king.
It is unclear whether the story about Cambyses' marriage to Mandane is true. Cyrus' Median mother may have been invented to justify the later Persian suzerainity. On the other hand, diplomatic marriages are of all ages.
Herodotus calls Cambyses 'a man of good family and quiet habits'.note[Herodotus, Histories 1.107.] An important archaeological site from his age is Masjid-e Solaiman, which is associated with the birth of his famous son.