Amanus Mountains: mountain range in southern Turkey, also known as Nur Dağlari ("mountains of light").
The Amanus blocks rains coming from the west, which pour down on its forest-covered slopes, where the water can be used for irrigation. This made it possible to found several important cities along the shore: Issus, Alexandria near Issus, and Seleucia in Pieria. East of the mountains is the fertile plain of Sochi, the valley of the river Orontes, and the city of Antioch.The Amanus Mountains are a natural frontier: west of them is Cilicia, east of them Syria. There are several passes, like the Bahçe Pass or Amanian Gate -which is already mentioned in the Nabonidus Chronicle- and the Belen Pass or Assyrian Gate, which are of great strategical importance. In 333 BCE, Alexander the Great defeated Darius III Codomannus on the foothills along the coast between these two passes.
It is possible that the god Ba'al Hammon was originally the "lord of the Amanus", but there are other interpretations of the name. In the fifth and sixth centuries, there were several monasteries in this area.