Mycenaean Greeks: modern name for the first phase of Greek history, the Late Bronze Age, from about 1600 to 1050 BCE
- At an unknown moment, speakers of an Indo-European language settle in Greece
- Greek prehistory is commonly divided into three periods, called Early, Middle, and Late Helladic; the Late Helladic phase can also be called Mycenaean. The exact chronology is much debated.
- Late Helladic I (c.1650-c.1550)
- Late Helladic II (c.1550-c.1425): appearance of Linear B: a syllabic script to render the Greek language
- Late Helladic IIIA1 (c.1425-c.1380): trade with the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea; "Tomb of Atreus" in Mycene; early palaces built (Mycene, Tiryns, Menelaion in Sparta, Pylos, Thebes) ("cyclopean walls")
- Late Helladic IIIA2 (c.1380-c.1310): Mycene, walls of the citadel; sanctuary of Phylakopi
- Late Helladic IIIB1 (c.1310-c.1250): Troy VI destroyed by an earthquake; Thebes: destruction of the Kadmeia; many towns fortified; the Lion Gate of Mycene; destruction of Mycene's lower city; Knossos destroyed
- Late Helladic IIIB2 (c.1250-c.1190): Mycene destroyed, Tiryns destroyed, end of the sanctuary of Phylakopi
- Late Helladic IIIC (c.1190-c.1050): Troy VIIa, Pylos, and all other Mycenaean settlements destroyed or abandoned
- The cause of the collapse is unclear. Mycenaean Greeks migrated to Cyprus (Maa-Palaiokastro) and were almost certainly involved in the Sea People movement
- Mycenaean Greek was the ancestor of several Greek dialects, spoken in the Archaic and Classical Age. Dorian, however, cannot be a descendant of Mycenaean Greek, although Mycenaean and Dorian share an ancestor.