Livius was created in the 1990s and desperately needs an update to the modern age. We’re currently moving to a different platform. However, COVID makes collaboration between the the webbuilder and the webmaster quite difficult. That ugly disease has also taken away several people close to the webmaster. Besides, he needs to make a living.

We hope to finish the transfer in June 2021. Until then, we must limit additional work. We must disappoint students asking for photos and will not be able to answer the usual questions. Nor can we make improvements to the texts on the website.

We are sorry. Although we believe students should visit libaries, not websites, it’s been an honor and a privilege to help students and answer their questions. But at the moment, we cannot answer e-mail.


If you want to contact the main author of this site, Jona Lendering, first read this.

Before you write

If you have read all this, you can use this e-mail address to reach the main author of this website.

Using texts or photos

  1. Texts by the authors of this website are for free distribution only; you can copy, re-format and redistribute their texts for use on computers, computer networks or as a printed publication, provided that
    • you charge no fees for their distribution,
    • mention the name of the original author and
    • add a link to (this means that if you want to use it outside the world wide web, you will have to write us).
  2. Photos are under anAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 1.0 International license.
  3. Please note that several quoted translations are copyrighted to people that are not related to Livius. The translators are always mentioned. Obviously, these quotations can only be copied if you mention the name of the original translator. We believe that quoting them is "fair use" but if you feel we do something wrong, drop a line, and we'll see what we can do.

This page was last modified on 15 April 2021.