Diadochi ("successors"): name of the first generation of military and political leaders after the death of the Macedonian king and conqueror Alexander the Great in 323 BCE. To settle the question whether his empire should disintegrate or survive as a unity, and, if so, under whose rule, they fought several full-scale wars. The result, reached by 300, BCE, was a division into three large parts, which more or less coincided with Alexander's possessions in Europe, Asia, and Egypt.
During the next quarter of a century, it was decided whether these states could endure. As it turned out, there were no great territorial changes, although there were dynastic changes. After 280, the period of state-forming came to an end with three great states: Antigonid Macedonia, Ptolemaic Egypt, and the Seleucid kingdom in Asia.
Overview of articles
- The settlement at Babylon (323-322)
- The First Diadoch War (321-320)
- The Second Diadoch War (west) (318-317)
- The Second Diadoch War (east) (318-316)
- The Third Diadoch War (315-311)
- The Babylonian War (311-309)
- The Fourth Diadoch War I (307-306)
- The Fourth Diadoch War II (306-301)
- The adventures of Demetrius (299-285)
- Lysimachus and Seleucus (285-281)
- Stabilization (280-275)